09:41 GMT +319 September 2018
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    In this Tuesday, July 22, 2014, file photo, gold bars are stacked in a vault at the United States Mint, in West Point, N.Y.

    Why Countries Pull Out Their Bullion From the US

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    With the Turkish Central Bank withdrawing its gold reserves from the US Federal Reserve System and shipping them to Ankara, Sputnik looks into how this move may affect the development of the world economy.

    All Conditions for Crisis in Place

    The global economy is struggling to cope with a barrage of hard conditions such as uncontrolled money printing, trade wars, sanctions, increasing interest rates and a decline in retail trade.

    Additionally, geopolitical tensions show no sign of ceasing; Syria which was hit by the US, British and French missile attacks on April 14 provides a vivid example.

    READ MORE: Gold Rush: Russia's Reserves of Precious Metal at All-Time High

    In order to circumvent the possibility of economic deterioration or new financial crises, several key major banks and governments are bracing themselves for economic calamity in advance by saving "real money" ahead of the crisis – Turkey provides a fresh example.

    According to Keith Neumeyer, chairman of the First Mining Gold company, the main problem is that the governments print too much money that is not secured by gold — a tendency which he said is unlikely to change in the near future. 

    READ MORE: Hungary Repatriating Tons of Gold From UK Amid Fears of Economic Crisis

    He said that gold does not care whether we enter an inflationary or de-inflationary period because investments in gold are justified under any scenario.

    Gold Prices May Skyrocket

    The continuous printing of money may endanger the stability of the global economy and add to higher gold prices, amid both monetary factors and supply-related problems.

    The global investment bank and management firm Goldman Sachs has predicted that the next few years will see a decline in global gold production.

    It was echoed by Goldcorp, one of the largest gold mining companies, which suggested that by 2022, gold production will fall to the level of the beginning of the 21st century.

    READ MORE: Exports of Gold From Russia More Than Doubled in a Year

    The US Geological Survey, in turn, believes that with production rates at current levels, gold reserves in the interior of the Earth will be exhausted by 2034.

    In this vein, speculation is rife that the combination of all these factors will cause the price of gold to skyrocket — up to 2,000 or even 3,000 dollars per ounce in the near future.

    Gold Possession

    Right now, about 30 percent of all reserves of developed countries are stored in gold.

    The United States has 8,000 metric tons of gold, Germany — 3,000 metric tons of the precious metal, while Italy and France – 2,500 tons each.

    With 1,860 tons of gold worth 80 billion dollars, Russia has outstripped China and ranks fifth in terms of gold reserves. 

    READ MORE: Cryptocurrencies May Rival Gold as a Store of Value — Marketing Analyst

    Building up gold stock remains a key priority of the Russian Central Bank, which buys up almost all the gold mined in the country.  Purchasing monetary gold aims to support Russia's gold mining industry, which produces about 300 tons of precious metal per year.

    How Gold May Help

    As far as the financial system's development is concerned, there is yet no feasible alternative to gold. Traditionally, its accumulation can help a country protect itself from currency risks and possible sanctions as well as provide the opportunity to earn.

    The Russian Central Bank said in this regard that an increase in the country's international reserves added to the revaluation of operations on Russian Finance Ministry accounts and the monetization of gold.

    READ MORE: EU-US Trade Wars Cannot Have Any Winners — French Economy Minister

    Any currency, including the dollar and the euro, is heavily burdened with debts which may finally be written off.  In the event of the collapse of the dollar system, gold is expected to retain its value.

    Neumeyer expressed confidence in this connection that a global reset will happen when the governments of the world move to get rid of their debts and tie everything to the price of gold.

    That's why countries like Russia and China are accumulating gold; they know what may occur in the next few years, according to him.

    Central Banks Withdraw Gold Reserves From US

    According to the World Gold Council, the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey (CBRT) purchased 187 tons of precious metal, becoming the second largest sovereign buyer of gold in the world after Russia.

    Like in other countries, part of Turkey's gold reserves — gold bars weighing 28.7 tons – were stored in the US Federal Reserve System.

    Earlier this week, it was reported that the CBRT withdrew its gold reserves from the US to place it in storage facilities in Turkey, as well as the Bank for International Settlements in Switzerland and the Central Bank of England.

    READ MORE: 'Trade War With China Will Hurt US, Cause Political Problems for Trump'- Prof.

    Also withdrawing its gold reserves from the US were the Netherlands and Germany's Deutsche Bundesbank which launched a program of partial repatriation of German gold that was stored in the Federal Reserve since the end of World War II in 2012.

    At the end of the day, 300 tons of gold have been returned to a Bundesbank storehouse in Frankfurt am Main. As for the Netherlands, it has withdrawn about 100 tons of gold from the US Federal Reserve System.

    Due to the increasing interest rates of the Federal Reserve System, the US pressure on the euro and other currencies as well as growing geopolitical risks, it is possible to assume that the outflow of foreign gold reserves from the US Federal Reserve System will continue.

    With Russian and China agreeing to settle trade in ruble and yuan, there are signs are that the world seeks to reduce its dependence on the dollar.

    Related:

    Russia's Gold Reserves Top 1,614 Tonnes - Central Bank
    Natural Resources Ministry Expects Growth in Oil, Gas, Gold Reserves in Russia
    Germany Hastens Return of Overseas Gold Reserves
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    governments, banks, gold reserves, tensions, money, Federal Reserve System, United States
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