05:33 GMT05 December 2020
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    Two of the US Air Force’s B-1B Lancer supersonic bombers flew from South Dakota to the Baltics to participate in NATO drills earlier this week, including live-fire drills just miles from the Russian border. It was just the latest globetrotting flight by the heavily overworked planes in recent weeks.

    ‘No Target is Too Far Away’

    Earlier this week, two Lancers flying from Ellsworth Air Force Base in South Dakota paid a visit to the Baltic Sea for drills with several NATO partners, according to a Wednesday news release by US Air Forces in Europe and Air Forces Africa. While the release gave no duration for the flight, Estonian Public Broadcasting reported it was a 24-hour round trip.

    The statement notes the bombers engaged in integration and interoperability training with Royal Danish Air Force F-16 Falcons as well as practicing close air support coordination with Estonian Joint Terminal Air Controllers at the Tapa Range, just 65 miles from the Russian border.

    A B-1B Lancer flies with a Danish F-16 during a training mission for Bomber Task Force Europe, May 5, 2020. Aircrews from the 28th Bomb Wing at Ellsworth Air Force Base, South Dakota, took off on their long-range, long-duration Bomber Task Force mission to conduct interoperability training with Danish fighter aircraft and Estonian joint terminal attack controllers ground teams.
    “Training with our NATO allies and theater partner nations contributes to enhanced resiliency and interoperability,” the release states. “Strategic bombers contribute to stability in the European theater by sending a clear deterrence message to any potential adversary.”

    According to the Estonian Defense Ministry, the bombers took part in the “Spring Storm” live-fire military exercises.

    “Led by Estonia, Spring Storm tests the integration between NATO troops and the Estonian Defence Forces (EDF), strengthening their ability in times of crisis. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, this year’s exercise is scaled down, with around 3,200 troops participating, compared to 9,000 last year,” NATO said in a Wednesday release. Estonia joined the Western alliance in 2004, 14 years after declaring independence from the Soviet Union and leaving the Warsaw Pact alliance of Eastern European socialist states.

    A B-1B Lancer receives fuel from a KC-135 Stratotanker from the 100th Air Refueling Wing, RAF Mildenhall, England, May 5, 2020.

    “It is important that our allies understand that security cannot be put on pause for the duration of the pandemic,” Estonian Defense Minister Juri Luik said Tuesday, according to the Baltic Times.

    The outlet also quoted Estonian Air Force chief Col. Rauno Sirk as saying the exercise “demonstrated that for the air force no target is too far away. Our allies, even if they are on the other side of the globe, can be here within a limited number of hours if necessary.”

    The last time Lancers were in Europe was in November 2018, during the Trident Juncture NATO war games.

    Globetrotting Lancers

    Monday’s flight was just the latest by the Air Force’s Lancers to spots across the planet. Last Friday, two Lancers were dispatched on a 32-hour round trip from Ellsworth to the South China Sea. The day prior, Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Navy forces had ejected a US warship engaged in a provocative “Freedom of Navigation Operation,” in which US forces flagrantly flaunt Chinese territorial claims by sailing through Beijing’s claimed territorial waters as if they were actually international waters.

    The week before that, a Lancer was sent on a 29-hour mission to the Sea of Japan to drill with Japanese fighters just off the coast of Wonsan, where North Korean leader Kim Jong Un was rumored to be convalescing from surgery.

    This past Sunday, four Lancers were sent to Andersen Air Force Base on Guam in the Philippine Sea, bringing what Pacific Air Forces chief of operations force management Lt. Col Frank Welton called “an advanced stand-off, counter-ship capability,” now that it can carry the Long-Range Anti-Ship Missile (LRASM). As Sputnik has reported, the Pentagon hopes long-range weapons like the LRASM will help it turn the tide against the PLA’s superior long-range rocket weapons.

    Rattling a Broken Sabre

    While Washington has carefully postured as ready to strike anywhere with its strategic bomber fleet, Pentagon brass has been frank about how heavily the Lancers have been overworked in recent years, severely limiting both the numbers of available planes and the performance of those still able to fly.

    In fiscal year 2021 budget proposals, the Air Force asked to retire 17 of its 61 Lancer bombers amid chronic overuse. The newest Lancers were built by Rockwell in the 1990s and designed for low-altitude supersonic sprints to deliver nuclear weapons undetected, but the Pentagon’s repurposing them for close air support roles during US wars in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Syria, is causing them to break down at an increasing rate.

    In late 2019, the Air Force considered ending regular use of the Lancer’s terrain-following technology in an attempt to minimize wear on the planes. Sputnik reported the previous August that only six of the 61 bombers were mission-ready.

    “We were just beating the heck out of them, deploying them, deploying them,” Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. John Hyten told the Senate Armed Services Committee at his July 2019 confirmation hearing.

    The June prior, the House Armed Services Seapower and Projection Forces Subcommittee fretted in its version of the 2020 National Defense Authorization Act that “B-1 readiness does not have the priority and resources to improve B-1 mission capable rates,” noting there were so few aircraft available that pilots were being forced to fly other planes for training.

    Lt. Col. Dominic Ross, B-1B program element monitor, Air Force Global Strike Command, explains a bulkhead modification to the B-1B bomber that allowed it to carry a notional hypersonic missile mock-up attached to a B-52H Conventional Rotary Launcher during a B-1B expanded carriage demonstration at Edwards Air Force Base, California, Aug. 28.

    Instead, US Air Force Global Strike Command (GSC) is exploring repurposing its remaining Lancers as long-range missile platforms. By installing a Common Strategic Rotary Launcher in a refitted Lancer’s bomb bay and reinstalling missile hardpoints on the fuselage and wings, GSC demonstrated that a single Lancer could be loaded down with as many as 31 hypersonic missiles or 40 missiles of other types.

    Related:

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    US Air Force Wants to Refit Lancer Bombers to Carry 31 Hypersonic Missiles Each
    Amid Rising South China Sea Tensions, US Dispatches Lancer Bombers on Surprise Flyover - Photos
    Tags:
    Royal Danish Air Force, US Air Force, NATO, live-fire drill, Denmark, Estonia, B-1B Lancer
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