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    Russian President Vladimir Putin during his telephone conversation with President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimukhamedov, also involving President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rakhmon

    Putin-Trump Phone Call: 'Positive First Step, but No Need to Get All Worked Up'

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    Russian President Vladimir Putin has held another telephone conversation with US President Donald Trump. Russian observers say that the call, the first since the US cruise missile strike on a Syrian airbase last month, may be an important step toward normalizing relations, but add that Moscow shouldn't get carried away in its expectations.

    Shortly after Tuesday's talks, the Kremlin's press service offered details of the phone call, saying that the leaders focused on the prospects of coordinating Russian and US actions in the fight against terrorism in Syria. The press service added that "a number of [other] important issues of cooperation" were also discussed, including the situation on the Korean peninsula, and the possibility of coordinating the Russian and US positions on the issue.

    On Syria specifically, Putin and Trump agreed "to intensify dialogue" between the Russian Foreign Ministry and the US State Department in order "to find options that would allow consolidating the ceasefire regime, to make it stable and put it under control."

    Finally, and perhaps most importantly, the Kremlin's press service confirmed that the two leaders had expressed the hope that they might hold their first-ever face-to-face meeting on July 7-8, on the sidelines of the G20 summit in Hamburg, Germany.

    Tuesday's call was reported to have lasted about a half-hour, and was the third time Putin and Trump have spoken on the phone since the American president's inauguration in January.

    Speaking to reporters after the event, Yuri Ushakov, an aide to the Russian president, emphasized that "both presidents spoke in favor" of meeting in Hamburg, adding that the Russian side characterized the conversation as "businesslike" and "positive."

    On the campaign trail, as president-elect and for a period after stepping into office, President Trump spoke in favor of improving relations with Moscow, particularly when it comes to the fight against radical Islamist terrorism.

    Relations between the two countries went sour on April 6, however, after Trump ordered the launch of 59 Tomahawk cruise missiles against the Shayrat air base in Syria, following unsubstantiated claims that President Bashar Assad's forces used chemical weapons in Idlib province two days earlier. Moscow condemned the strikes as a blatant violation of international law. Putin characterized the Idlib attack as an obvious false flag against Damascus by the jihadists.

    In this image from video provided by the U.S. Navy, the guided-missile destroyer USS Porter (DDG 78) launches a tomahawk land attack missile in the Mediterranean Sea, Friday, April 7, 2017.
    © AP Photo / Ford Williams/U.S. Navy
    In this image from video provided by the U.S. Navy, the guided-missile destroyer USS Porter (DDG 78) launches a tomahawk land attack missile in the Mediterranean Sea, Friday, April 7, 2017.

    Russia and the US have not been able to line up their positions on other issues, either, including the ongoing crisis in Ukraine, the deployment and strengthening of NATO forces on Russia's borders, and US missile defenses in Eastern Europe and Northeast Asia.

    Accordingly, for the most part, most Russian observers remain guarded over the implications of Tuesday's talks.

    Speaking to Radio Sputnik, political scientist Alexei Panin, director of the Moscow office of the Urus Advisory, said that he might characterize the telephone call as an exercise in the "synchronization of watches," i.e. ensuring Moscow and Washington are on the same page when it comes to each other's positions.

    "If one were to list the problems between our countries in a more or less detailed manner, this would take about half an hour," Panin noted. "It's obvious that discussing these issues, taking some kind of common stand on them, is not possible in such a short amount of time," he added.

    In the observer's view, much of the international agenda revolves around the Middle East generally, and the Syrian issue specifically. Whether it be German Chancellor Angela Merkel's recent visit to Moscow, Putin's meeting with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on Wednesday, or the Putin-Trump phone call, the Syrian problem seems to be a central point of contact between Russia's interests, and those of the US, Germany and Turkey.

    Ultimately, Panin suggested that Moscow shouldn't expect any sort of 'breakthrough decision' from the US at the moment. "Mr. Trump is to some extent a hostage to the situation that has developed in the American establishment. Any arrangement he makes can be effectively torpedoed by simply promoting the idea that this idea is 'highly favorable' to Vladimir Putin. In order to avoid losing political influence, Trump is forced to negate such agreements."

    "Unfortunately, it can be said that the figure of Trump is subject to a certain level of manipulation. And while he does not resolve this problem, I'm afraid that breakthrough achievements will remain unlikely," the expert concluded.

    U.S. President Donald Trump stands in the Oval Office following an interview with Reuters at the White House in Washington, U.S., April 27, 2017
    © REUTERS / Carlos Barria
    U.S. President Donald Trump stands in the Oval Office following an interview with Reuters at the White House in Washington, U.S., April 27, 2017

    Vladimir Batyuk, a professor of international politics at the Moscow-based Higher School of Economics, and an expert at the Russian Council on International Affairs, was a bit more optimistic in his assessment. Speaking to RIA Novosti, the academic said that if the phone call accomplished one thing – it was to show that Moscow and Washington are intent on promoting constructive dialogue, rather than engaging in a new Cold War.

    "The very fact that this conversation took place is a good sign, in my opinion," Batyuk noted. "It is a sign that contacts between the leaders of the two great powers are continuing. The fact that there was an emphasis placed in the course of the conversation on cooperation — in the fight against international terrorism, in settling the crisis in Syria, in settling the dangerous situation on the Korean peninsula – all of this is evidence that Moscow and Washington are committed to dialogue, to cooperation, and not to some new Cold War."

    Asked whether the talks, and the possible face-to-face meeting in Hamburg in July, may lead to any sort of significant positive shift in relations, Batyuk, like Panin, expressed that it was "important to understand that neither Putin nor Trump represent all state power in their respective countries."

    "It must be remembered that the American establishment is presently dead-set against Russia; this talk about 'Russian hackers' continues. In these circumstances, even the most routine contacts with the Russian side will be perceived as 'treason' by some in Washington, and in this atmosphere it is very difficult to achieve any real progress."

    Batyuk recalled that at the moment there are simply no contacts between the Russian and US legislative organs, with the situation worsening thanks in large part to the extremely biased anti-Russian attitudes in the US media. This too, not just discussions at the highest level, must change for any significant improvement in relations," the academic stressed.

    Finally, political and military observer, ex-naval officer, and former lawmaker Mikhail Nenashov was most optimistic about the real and potential implications of Tuesday's call, telling RIA Novosti that the prospects for cooperation have a historical basis.

    "Apparently, the Pentagon and the whole aggressively-tuned part of the American political class have been convinced that spitting Tomahawks down on sovereign Syria and trying a 'cowboy assault' on North Korea will not lead to a solution of these problems. It seems to be becoming clear to Trump that a confrontation with Russia on these issues will harm him as a politician."

    Accordingly, Nenashov suggested that "perhaps [Tuesday's] conversation will be the start of the building of partner or even allied relations with our country, as it was during the years of the common struggle against the Nazis [during World War II]." 

    After all, Nenashov stressed, only the combined strength of Russia and the US will enable them to defeat international terrorism. In any case, he added, just as it was over seventy years ago during the Second World War, trying to build any kind of positive international order without Russia's involvement will be impossible.

    Related:

    Destination Hamburg: Putin, Trump 'Speak in Favor of Holding Bilateral Meeting'
    Trump and Putin's First Conversation Since US' Missile Strike on Syria
    Kremlin Reveals What Putin, Trump Discussed Over the Phone
    Kremlin Spokesman Confirms Putin-Trump Phone Talks Tuesday
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    phone conversation, Vladimir Putin, Donald Trump, United States, Russia
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