"We all know that the post-Cold War security architecture is far from perfect and most international agreements are also far from perfect, like everything in life, like any human thing. But this is no reason to move backwards and dismantle what we have achieved so far. The INF Treaty, for instance, is one of the key agreements which ended the Cold War, contributed to making our continent Europe more secure," Mogherini said at the EU Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Conference on Tuesday, as quoted by her press service.
Mogherini added that the US concerns over Russia’s compliance with the treaty should be addressed "in a very substantive and transparent way — not by words but by deeds."
"We do not need a new arms race in Europe, some of us still remember the one in the early 1980s. So let us try to turn this current crisis that we would not like to see develop in a negative manner into an opportunity – and not to dismantle but to strengthen the [INF] Treaty and to move forward on the path towards disarmament," she added.
In early December, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said the United States would suspend its adherence to the INF Treaty within 60 days unless Russia returned to full compliance with the agreement.
Moscow, meanwhile, has repeatedly refuted US allegations that Russia has violated the 1987 INF treaty, which bans ground-launched ballistic and cruise missiles with ranges between 500 and 5,500 kilometers (311 to 3,417 miles). In turn, Moscow has complained that launchers on US defense systems in Europe can fire cruise missiles at ranges that violate the INF’s terms.