Russia prepares a response to US missile defence plans
Although salaries for members of the armed forces are rising fast, Russia will continue to rely on conscription in coming years, Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov said in an interview with the newsweekly Itogi to be published on Monday.
Serdyukov touted the fact that commanders of Russia’s Pacific Fleet nuclear ballistic missile submarines will earn more than he does beginning on January 1.
“If [the sub commander] is serving in Kamchatka, for example, I think his pay will be higher,” he said.
Beginning on January 1, 2013, compensation for service members will include base pay and incentive pay, incorporating length of service and other factors.
“This is not going to be small change. This will be real money,” Serdyukov said.
Russia substantially raised military pay for officers earlier this year. For example, a lieutenant now receives 50,000 rubles ($1,600) a month on average, he said.
But Russia will not do away with the draft any time soon.
“An entirely professional army is optimal in my view,” Serdyukov said.
“But we cannot afford it for the foreseeable future,” he said, adding that for now the armed forces will include a mix of professionals serving under enlistment contracts and draftees.
Contract service members will be used in units designated for the highest degree of readiness and those that employ complex and expensive technologies.
“In the navy, the strategic rocket forces and aerospace defense, practically all those military specialties,” Serdyukov said.
The current armed forces reform plan calls for reducing the total number of service members to 1 million people from 1.2 million by the end of 2012. The officer ranks will be trimmed to 220,000 from 350,000
The number of contract service members is targeted to increase by about 50,000 a year, to 240,000 at the end of 2013, 295,000 in 2014, 350,000 in 2015, 400,000 in 2016 and 425,000 in 2017, when they will account for almost half of all military personnel.
The Defense Ministry has so far established 66 contract recruiting centers throughout Russia.