09:52 GMT +319 January 2019
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    Free Syrian Army soldier stands on a damaged Syrian military tank in front of a damaged mosque, which were destroyed during fighting with government forces, in the Syrian town of Azaz.

    US Training for 'Moderate' Syrian Rebels Fails, CIA Can't Find 'Moderates'

    © AP Photo / Hussein Malla
    Middle East
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    A crucial part of the United States’ plan to train moderate Syrian rebels to combat the self-proclaimed Islamic State terrorist group is locating those so-called "moderates." The problem: those are becoming harder and harder to find.

    Last June, the White House asked Congress for $500 million to train and arm Syrian rebels who could help stem the growing influence of the Islamic State. The effort was seen as a necessary way to fulfill President Obama’s pledge of keeping American ground troops out of the conflict, and as an important caveat, the administration assured lawmakers that it would screen any potential trainees to filter out extremists.

    Risky, maybe, but the US military said it churn out 5,400 fighters a year, and that adds a lot of muscle to the fight.

    But, one year later, no one has completed the training program, and fewer than 100 are currently enrolled.

    "We are trying to recruit and identify people who…can be counted on…to fight, to have the right mindset and ideology," Defense Secretary Ash Carter told the House Armed Services Committee earlier this month.

    "It turns out to be very hard to identify people who meet both of those criteria."

    One problem is that it’s difficult to ascertain an individual’s allegiances. Many candidates screened gave reason to believe they would be more interested in using their newfound training against the Syrian government. Several who were originally accepted into the program were forced out once their true loyalties came to light.

    “It is simply difficult to acquire the number of Syrian rebels willing to participate in the training under current parameters,” Jennifer Cafarella, with the Institute for the Study of War, told Fox News.

    Many of the rebel groups that would fall under the US definition of "moderate" have openly expressed frustration with Washington’s narrow focus on the Islamic State. Even if the Pentagon accepted a broader spectrum of rebels to meet its quota, many groups have simply lost interest in playing along.

    The Pentagon also has little way of assuring that arms provided to its "moderate" rebel groups don’t find their way into the hands of the Islamic State.

    Even once the recruits complete the preparation courses, the US has not entirely decided on what to do with them. After being trained at bases in Turkey, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar, the rebels would be sent back into Syria, but Washington is still deciding on what of support to provide, be it intelligence, communications, logistics, or air support.

    Still, an army of 100 will do little against a militant group that’s grown as strong as the Islamic State, no matter what kind of support they’re given. Last week, military officials said they still hoped to reach their goal of training 3,000 rebels by 2016.

    With only five months remaining, that’s just 2,900 left to go.


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    Daesh, moderate Syrian rebels, Pentagon, Ash Carter, Iraq, Syria, United States
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