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    German Chancellor Angela Merkel attends a plenary session of German parliament Bundestag in Berlin, Tuesday, Nov. 21, 2017

    Merkel Won't Run for Reelection as Chancellor, to Give Up Post of CDU Head

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    Just two weeks after Angela Merkel's Christian Social Union allies witnessed their worst election results in decades in Bavaria, her own Christian Democrats are experiencing déjà vu in Hesse’s regional vote. Meanwhile, the anti-establishment Alternative for Germany has entered the last of the 16 state parliaments.

    Angela Merkel, who has been chairwoman of Germany's Christian Democratic Union (CDU) for 18 years, has confirmed that she won't run again for the party leadership when it has its conference in early December. She has revealed that this term will also be her last as Germany's chancellor, as she won't seek re-election as a CDU lawmaker or run for any other political office.

    "At the next CDU party congress in December in Hamburg I will not propose my candidature for the CDU leader post… My fourth tenure will be my last term as the German chancellor. In the 2021 elections, I will not run for the German chancellor or as a candidate for a deputy, neither will apply for other political posts," the chancellor said at a press conference after a closed-door meeting.

    Earlier in the day, the German cabinet's spokesman Steffen Seibert said that Merkel will keep the post of Germany’s chancellor until the end of her term in 2021 and the next national election, although she had earlier claimed that the party leadership and the country’s highest government post are indivisible.

    Commenting on her decision, Merkel stated that the two main issues she plans to address during the remainder of her term as chancellor are Brexit and US-Russian tensions.

    Merkel announced that it was "time to start a new chapter," as she has taken responsibility for her fourth-term government's poor start and voiced a need for changes. She admitted that her party would have secured better results in Hesse’s regional election if not for its performance at the federal level. 

    However, Merkel revealed that she'd made the decision to drop out of the competition for the party leadership before the parliament’s summer recess. The incumbent CDU leader has also declined to back any of those hoping to succeed her as the party chair. Amid what the German outlet Focus describes as the “CDU quake,” the former leader of the CDU group in the German parliament Friedrich Merz is ready to run for the party leadership, the German outlet Bild reports. CDU's General Secretary Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer and German Health Minister Jens Spahn have also announced plans to compete for the party leadership post, according to sources within the bloc.

    The reports have followed the CDU/CSU fiasco in the regional elections in Bavaria and Hesse.

    German Gov’t Coalition Mulls Losses in Hesse Election

    German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s CDU has scored 27% of the vote in the state election in Hesse, as the preliminary tally indicates. Although the party could keep the majority in the state parliament (Landtag), this result is 11.3 points less than its performance there in 2013. The base of Germany’s second major political party and the CDU’s federal coalition partner, the Social Democrats (SPD), has also shrunk by nearly 11 percent since Hesse’s last election five years ago. The party received a mere 19.8% of the vote in a state they once considered their stronghold, which has a population of over 6 million people and is home to Frankfurt am Main, one of Europe's largest financial centers.

    The Greens, who have governed Hesse in coalition with the CDU over the last 5 years, were neck-and-neck with the SPD, also securing 19.8% of the vote. Meanwhile, the anti-establishment Alternative for Germany party, which advocates a stricter migration policy, has entered Hesse’s Landtag for the first time with 13.1% of the vote and now holds seats in all of Germany's regional parliaments.

    SPD and CDU’s State Election Deja Vu

    Hesse’s election has mirrored the Bavarian state vote, held just two weeks ago, which brought big gains for the Greens and AfD, but dealt a sensitive blow to the CDU’s Bavarian sister party, the Christian Social Union (CSU), as well as the SPD.  The CSU, led by German Interior Minister Horst Seehofer, lost 10 percent in comparison with the 2013 election and scored its worst result in 50 years, which was branded “painful” and “bitter” both by the CSU and CDU. 

    READ MORE: 'Clear Signal' to Berlin: Politicians Speak on Election Results in Bavaria

    The SPD’s results showed the same dynamics, as the party attracted 10 percent fewer voters than in 2013. The party blamed its problems on federal-level politics, as SPD leader Andrea Nahles stated that the performance of the CDU/SPD grand coalition was one of the reasons for the crash and claimed that it was “clear that something has to change."

    Following the Bavarian election, some politicians noted that it was “a clear signal to Berlin.” Speculations in the German media arose that the results in Hesse could undermine Merkel’s government in Berlin and even shatter her position ahead of her expected reappointment as the head of the CDU in December.

    ‘Unacceptable:’ Alarm in SPD-CDU Coalition

    The dismal results in Hesse have fueled alarmed rhetoric on both sides. The SPD’s Nahles has hastened to claim that "the state of the government is unacceptable." She announced that the SPD would press Merkel's governing coalition to accept "a clear, binding timetable" for the government’s projects. She also reminded about the midterm review next fall, which is to reveal if "we are still in the right place in this government."

    The leader of the SPD youth organization Juso, Kevin Kühnert, was more categorical, stating that "on conditions under which we work here in Berlin, the SPD will not get a foot on the ground in any state… Any little fire can make it explode."

    The CDU's General Secretary Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer echoed Nahles’ promises, stating that the coalition must identify "three concrete projects for the coming months that we implement."

    The SPD and the CDU/CSU bloc struck a coalition agreement amid fierce debates among the Social Democrats half a year after Germany held parliamentary elections in September 2017. Merkel initially planned to form a coalition with the Greens and the FDP, but preliminary talks with them were unsuccessful, so the CDU/CSU had to court the Social Democrats.

    Related:

    Seehofer Threatens to Resign as CSU Leader After Failure in Bavaria’s Election
    'Clear Signal' to Berlin: Politicians Speak on Election Results in Bavaria
    Merkel's Party in 'Absolutely Fragile' Situation After Bavarian Elections - Prof
    Stakes High for Merkel Gov't: German State of Hesse Holds Regional Election
    Tags:
    coalition government, vote, regional elections, Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union (CDU/CSU), Alternative for Germany (AfD), The Greens, Angela Merkel, Hesse, Germany, Bavaria
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