The report listed Iraq's unstable security situation, acts of terrorism and lack of basic services like water and electricity as among the most obvious reasons for fleeing. In 2015, however, a new phenomenon emerged that made the decision to leave easier. Reportedly, more Iraqi parents began to urge their children to leave in order to prevent the youth from becoming victims of violence and crime or being recruited by terrorists.
According to the report, fears of leaving the country have abated due to a huge number of online ‘trip reports.' As more and more Iraqi asylum-seekers opened discussion groups on Facebook and other social media, photos and other visual material were shared, thus giving rise to a new phenomenon: "Hijrat al-Facebookiyin" or Facebook generation emigration, Finnish national broadcaster Yle reported.
According to the report, many Iraqis said that they were inspired by German Chancellor Angela Merkel's positive statements about asylum-seekers in September 2015 and her open-door policy.
In 2014, nearly 13,000 people of Iraqi origin lived in Finland, according to Statistics Finland. In 2015, 15,400 Iraqi asylum-seekers arrived in the country.