The United Nations Human Rights Council Working Group on Arbitrary Detention (WGAD) has released its opinions reached at a meeting in November on the illegal detention and torture of Baluchi.
"The Working Group considers that … the appropriate remedy would be to release Mr. al Baluchi immediately and accord him an enforceable right to compensation and other reparations, such as appropriate physical and psychological rehabilitation," the WGAD assessment said.
US Unlikely to Heed Latest UN Human Rights Call
The US government was unlikely to pay any attention to the conclusion of the UN human rights working group, University of Illinois Professor of International Law Francis Boyle cautioned.
"I doubt very seriously this opinion will make any difference to the US ‘Department of War’ [Department of Defense] and the Trump administration," Boyle said.
"It will be of use to American lawyers in their continuing attempt to dismantle the Gitmo Concentration Camp and the Gitmo Kangaroo Courts," he said.
Not only was the detention and torture of Baluchi illegal, but it was only part of a long process of actions by successive US administrations that had ignored international law since President George W. Bush first approved the base’s use as a detention facility in January 2002, Boyle recalled.
"By operating its Guantanamo concentration camp the United States government has always been in gross violation of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, including therein its Kangaroo Courts. Violation of the Geneva Conventions is a war crime," he said.
War crimes had been committed at Guantanamo Bay on an ongoing and systematic basis, Boyle pointed out.
By operating the Guantanamo facility as it had over the past 17 years, the US government had also contravened two major international legal commitments it had signed, Boyle also observed.
"By means of its Gitmo concentration camp and Kangaroo Courts, the US has grossly violated the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, both of which [it] is a contracting party to," Boyle said.
Voluntaru Nature of UN System Lacks Compulsory Power
The United Nations is not a supranational type of body, but a voluntary one, therefore its individual member states are not bound to act on such conclusions and declarations, California State University Chico Professor Emeritus of Political Science Beau Grosscup said.
"Even UN resolutions are not mandatory since [the] United Nations is an 'international' organization, not 'supranational' so nation states membership is voluntary and enforcement of UN actions is also voluntary," he explained.
"It would raise the concern over the issue to a new public level," he added.
Ammar al-Baluchi is a Pakistani citizen in US custody at the Guantanamo Bay detention center. Charges against him include facilitating the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, acting as a courier for Osama bin Laden and plotting to crash a plane packed with explosives into the US consulate in Karachi.