03:20 GMT +328 March 2017
    S-400 regiment enters on duty in Crimea

    Who Benefits From Russia Selling S-400 to Turkey

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    The Turkish leadership has indicated that Ankara is interested in purchasing the S-400 Triumf, one of the most advanced air defense systems designed and manufactured in Russia. Both nations stand to gain from the deal if it is finalized.

    Defense analyst Mikhail Khodoryonok detailed how Moscow will benefit from the purchase.

    "The buyer will become attached to the country producing the weapon due to maintenance and professional training. Close military and technical cooperation will not allow Turkey to make aggressive political maneuvers against Russia. In addition, the purchase made by a NATO member will enhance the image of the Russian defense industry. It's hard to come up with a better ad," he told RIA Novosti.

    The issue is said to have been on the agenda of the March 2014 meeting between Russian President Vladimir Putin and his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan. On March 14, Sergey Chemezov, CEO of the state-owned Russian corporation Rostec, confirmed that Ankara is willing to buy the S-400 if Moscow provides a loan.

    Turkey will win from buying the S-400 Triumf since the country does not have a long-range anti-aircraft weapons system. Andrei Frolov, the editor-in-chief of Arms Export magazine, told RIA Novosti that Ankara is interested in enhancing its air defenses to protect itself from neighboring countries.

    "Iran is Turkey's key opponent in the region. The Islamic Republic has a rather potent air force. At the same time, Iran is capable of protecting its territory from a retaliatory strike. Last year, Russia delivered four S-300PMU2 battalions to the country," he explained. "In addition, Ankara's relations with Damascus are tense to put it mildly. The Syrian government has long-range tactical missiles and short-range missiles, while Turkey's air defense systems are notoriously weak."

    Although Turkey would benefit from adding the S-400 to its arsenal, Frolov expressed doubt that the deal would actually take place.

    "Erdogan is more likely trying to pressure his partners in NATO by making these statements. He is essentially trying to blackmail them into selling European and American air defense systems under favorable terms," the defense analyst said.

    Frolov pointed out that Turkey would encounter certain challenges if it indeed buys the S-400. Firstly, other NATO members, most notably the United States, will not be happy with the deal, taking into account that Ankara's relations with its Western partners have been strained in recent years. Secondly, it will not be easy to integrate the S-400 into NATO's air defense system. In addition, even if Turkey reaches a deal with Russia, the actual delivery won't take place earlier than 2020-2022.

    The S-400 Triumf, which NATO refers to as the SA-21 Growler, was developed by the Almaz-Antey defense contractor and manufactured by the Fakel Machine-Building Design Bureau. The system is capable of intercepting all types of modern air weaponry, including fifth-generation warplanes, as well as ballistic and cruise missiles at a maximum range of nearly 250 miles.

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    missile defense systems, air defense systems, S-400, Andrei Frolov, Syria, Iran, Turkey, Russia
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    • md74
      Can't imagine Russia selling this kind of weapons to it's enemies. If so, it surely will be used against Russia, sooner or later.
    • avatar
      mzungu in Africa
      I never believed that such a deal could go through in the present circumstances. The system would be examined to the last screw to find weaknesses. Russia would commit treason on herself.
      But it's nice talk to make NATO nervous.
      On the other hand: Without state of the art air defense Turkey cannot cancel NATO membership. If Russia had guarantees that Turkey would effectively kick out NATO then the S 400 would be in place and Russia would have achieved a colossal geopolitical master stroke.
      So in my view the matter is of the highest importance and I trust Russia to be wise and cunning. Maybe the crazy Erdogan must be replaced first.
    • avatar
      Russia to this point has shown great retraint and courage in dealing in world affairs but sales of S 400 to a country run by a madman with visions of godhood....not such a smart move.
      Combine this kind of thinking with the same odd behavior in Syria ( allowing US to get foothold in Syria) while bombing indescriminately while killing endless civilians says something is off in Russia.
    • avatar
      I still stand on my defensive for russia not to make that professional monumental mistake. If that happens, they will bite their fingers unless they are sure of having an antidote system or weapon that can stop S-400 from functioning if enemies try to use again russia or its allies.
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