The provisions of the British-era Indian Penal Code recognize men as the perpetrators of adultery and women as victims. It also specifies that if a husband consents, the woman can have sexual relations with other men.
New Delhi (Sputnik) — In a major development that has once again triggered a fresh debate in India over a 157-year-old archaic law that holds only men liable to punishment in cases of adultery, the country's apex court has issued a notice to the Narendra Modi-led government in a petition challenging the immunity of women from prosecution for adultery.
Section 497 of the Indian Penal Code which criminalizes the offense of adultery holds only men liable for punishment. According to the law, if a woman has sexual intercourse with a man with the consent of her husband, it does not amount to an offense.
"It is perceivable from the language of the provision the fulcrum of offense is destroyed once the consent of husband is obtained. Viewed from that scenario, the provision creates a dent on the independent identity of women," a three-judge bench of the Supreme Court of India noted.
The Indian Penal Code has its roots in the time the British ruled India. The law related to adultery has been in discussion for past five decades in the Indian court but never amended ever since it was enacted back in the year 1860. Now, the court once again wants to examine the provision on two accounts: first, only the man is accused of adultery and the woman is always portrayed as a victim and; secondly, if the woman's husband connives or consents to the adultery, then the crime ceases.
The fact of registration and authorization of users on Sputnik websites via users’ account or accounts on social networks indicates acceptance of these rules.
Users are obliged abide by national and international laws. Users are obliged to speak respectfully to the other participants in the discussion, readers and individuals referenced in the posts.
The websites’ administration has the right to delete comments made in languages other than the language of the majority of the websites’ content.
In all language versions of the sputniknews.com websites any comments posted can be edited.
A user comment will be deleted if it:
does not correspond with the subject of the post;
promotes hatred and discrimination on racial, ethnic, sexual, religious or social basis or violates the rights of minorities;
violates the rights of minors, causing them harm in any form, including moral damage;
contains ideas of extremist nature or calls for other illegal activities;
contains insults, threats to other users, individuals or specific organizations, denigrates dignity or undermines business reputations;
contains insults or messages expressing disrespect to Sputnik;
violates privacy, distributes personal data of third parties without their consent or violates privacy of correspondence;
describes or references scenes of violence, cruelty to animals;
contains information about methods of suicide, incites to commit suicide;
pursues commercial objectives, contains improper advertising, unlawful political advertisement or links to other online resources containing such information;
promotes products or services of third parties without proper authorization;
contains offensive language or profanity and its derivatives, as well as hints of the use of lexical items falling within this definition;
contains spam, advertises spamming, mass mailing services and promotes get-rich-quick schemes;
promotes the use of narcotic / psychotropic substances, provides information on their production and use;
contains links to viruses and malicious software;
is part of an organized action involving large volumes of comments with identical or similar content ("flash mob");
“floods” the discussion thread with a large number of incoherent or irrelevant messages;
violates etiquette, exhibiting any form of aggressive, humiliating or abusive behavior ("trolling");
doesn’t follow standard rules of the English language, for example, is typed fully or mostly in capital letters or isn’t broken down into sentences.
The administration has the right to block a user’s access to the page or delete a user’s account without notice if the user is in violation of these rules or if behavior indicating said violation is detected.