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Brexit, Trump, French Primaries Reveal Opinion Polls are 'Unreliable'

© Sputnik / Irina Kalashnikova / Go to the photo bankA woman near a polling station in Paris during the first round of the French center-right presidential primary election. An opposition candidate for the 2017 presidential election will be selected during the event
A woman near a polling station in Paris during the first round of the French center-right presidential primary election. An opposition candidate for the 2017 presidential election will be selected during the event - Sputnik International
The Brexit vote, the US presidential election and the recent center-right primaries in France show that public opinion polls are losing credibility. An increasing number of people are not interested in taking part in surveys because they are often politically biased.

This file photo taken on July 21, 2016 shows US Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump speaks on the last day of the Republican National Convention in Cleveland, Ohio. Donald Trump said on November 9, 2016 he would bind the nation's deep wounds and be a president for all Americans, as he praised his defeated rival Hillary Clinton. - Sputnik International
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Opinion polls in France predicted a faceoff between former President Nicolas Sarkozy and former Premier Alain Juppe in the second round of the presidential primaries in the Republicans center-right party.

However, the final results of the Sunday vote were sensational, rendering predictions by sociologists and analysts all wrong, once again after the Brexit referendum and Donald Trump’s victory in the United States presidential election.

Public opinion surveys have been getting more and more unreliable recently.

Fillon won the primaries with 44 percent of votes, followed by Juppe with 28.1 percent. Sarkozy came third with 21.1 percent of votes. In the US, Donald Trump secured a victory with 290 electoral votes. In Britain, 52 percent of the electorate vote for the withdrawal from the European Union.
Meanwhile, in each of these cases, polls and surveys predicted the opposite results.

French president Francois Hollande is pictured during a meeting with the French Foreign Affairs Minister and figures from the cultural world and members of associations committted to peace in Syria, on October 14, 2016 at the Elysee presidential palace in Paris - Sputnik International
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"They’re always wrong! Why? Because they [media and polling agencies] deliberately don’t want to see what is really going on. They ignore democracy and the will of the people," Claude Chollet, president of the Observatory of Journalists and Media Information (OJIM), told Sputnik France.

Public opinion studies and "media behind them" are inclined to translate the views of ruling elites, said Francois-Bernard Huyghe, research manager at the French Institute for International and Strategic Affairs (IRIS).

"They are frightened by the idea that people have their own voice and will. And they just ignore this fact like it was in the event of Trump or the French primaries. They’d better prefer Alain Juppe, who was considered the favorite of media and the establishment," Huyghe told Sputnik France.

He noted that recently Francois Fillon has significantly bolstered his positions while no related changes were registered in public opinion surveys.

"Many of those participating in polls deliberately change their opinion or even conceal it because they think that the polling agency works for the government," he added.

French politician Francois Fillon, member of the conservative Les Republicains political party, delivers a speech at his campaign headquarters after partial results in the first round of the French center-right presidential primary election vote in Paris, France, November 20, 2016. - Sputnik International
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"The recent primaries in the Republicans party have taken on public opinion polls because despite the fact that they were organized by one party people of any political views could come to cast their ballots," argued Jean Chiche, doctor of mathematical statistics and a researcher at the National Center for Strategic Studies of the French Center of Political Research (CEVIPOF).

He also underscored that currently there are problems with analysis and interpretation of data obtained in polls.

"The number of respondents [in polls concerning the primaries in France] was counted inaccurately. Moreover, their opinions were wrongly interpreted. They used classical polling tools. For example, respondents were asked whether they were sure that they would take part in the vote. This is not the best way to assess the number of people who will definitely come to the polling stations," the expert pointed out.

Chiche underscored that this problem is "technical and public at the same time."

"The number of respondents in polls has been decreasing over the recent years. The quality of surveys is also decreasing. As a result, people lose interest in participating even in serious and credible polls," he concluded.

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