English mathematical physicist Roger Penrose along with German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel and American astronomer Andrea Ghez have won the Nobel Prize for Physics, an official statement by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said.
Roger Penrose, 89, was awarded one half of the prize "for the discovery that black hole formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity", according to the statement.
Reinhard Genzel, 68, and Andrea Ghez, 55, were awarded the other half of the prize "for the discovery of a supermassive compact object at the centre of our galaxy".
2020 #NobelPrize laureate Reinhard Genzel was born in 1952 in Bad Homburg vor der Höhe, Germany.— The Nobel Prize (@NobelPrize) October 6, 2020
He is Director at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Garching, Germany and a professor @UCBerkeley, USA.https://t.co/g01LKV3pXPhttps://t.co/ELValpTiHB pic.twitter.com/gV3PlaOvJg
The award ceremony will be held on 10 December in an online format.
Last year, the prize for physics was awarded to US-Canadian cosmologist James Peebles "for theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology" along with Swiss astrophysicist Michel Mayor and Swiss astronomer Didier Queloz "for the discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star".
The Nobel Prize committee has been awarding achievements in various fields since 1901, in accordance with the will of Swedish chemist, engineer, inventor, businessman, and philanthropist Alfred Nobel. His drive to support the sciences and advancement of humanity began after he found out that his seminal invention, dynamite, was used as a tool of war instead of its original intended purpose of mining. The prize fund for the award, about $900,000 per award, is still primarily funded by the fortune he left behind.