The study results were presented at a round table at the International Centre for Education and Scientific Information in Dusseldorf, Germany.
Studying the rationale for the current pension reform in Russia, the MSUPE scientists have conducted a comparative analysis of the psychobiological age characteristics among representatives of blue-collar jobs and other professional groups. They selected the most important health indicators, such as biological age, proper biological age, and psychological age.
“Using proper biological age, we can track the level of compliance with the age group. The psychological health indicator is important for understanding the respondent’s perception of age. With these values, we can calculate the so-called relative ageing index equal to the difference between biological age and proper biological age,” Albina Kalaeva, Master of Psychology at MSUPE, told Sputnik.
The researchers used descriptive statistics methods, the “Self-assessment of health” questionnaire, formulas for determining biological age (the formula includes the indicators of blood pressure, breath holding after inhalation, static balancing and body weight), the BA index, and the formula for determining proper biological age for different age groups, characterising the average biological age for a particular age group, the BA-PBA index as an index of relative ageing.
The scientists compared the biological and psychobiological age indicators and noted certain differences among blue-collar jobs and other professions. For blue-collar jobs, they noted a low relative ageing index among women of all ages and men from 36 to 60 and from 61 to 87 years old. In the sample of men from 18 to 35 years old, the relative ageing index is higher, which indicates that the sample members are biologically older than the proper biological age. With representatives of other professions — women of all ages and men of 61–85 years old — there was a low relative ageing index.
A reverse trend was noticed in men aged 18 to 60: they have a high relative ageing index. Such indicators can confirm the theory that young men are more susceptible to stress, and physical activity is easier for them than emotional activity. However, the relative ageing index decreases for men and women upon retirement.
“We’ve found out that for blue-collar jobs, starting at age 35, women age faster than their peers from other professional groups. Men, on the contrary, age slower in all age groups, especially at the active working age, 36-60 years old,” Albina Kalaeva said.
The scientists noted that in the post-retirement period, the relative ageing is levelling and the relative health is improving in both men and women of all professional groups.
The study results were presented at the round table “Features of psychological support for people of mature age: the experience of implementing pension reform in different countries,” held at the International Centre for Education and Scientific Information (Dusseldorf, Germany). The round table was held as part of the Russian Science Foundation’s project No. 19-18-00058 “Biosocial and individually-personal determinants of raising the retirement age for representatives of various professional groups.”