This is the first time that Chinese researchers have been awarded the honor, Chinese official news agency Xinhua reports.
"It's a historic breakthrough," the agency quotes Haohuan Fu, deputy director of the National Supercomputing Center in Wuxi and one of the team members, as saying.
Fu and his colleagues won the prize for creating a method of calculating atmospheric dynamics that can be used to improve global climate models as well as weather predictions.
The award was presented at the 29th Supercomputing Conference held from November 13-18 in Salt Lake City, Utah.
The Gordon Bell Prize, awarded each year at the annual supercomputing conference, was established in 1987 by Gordon Bell, a pioneer in high-performance and parallel computing. It recognizes the extraordinary progress made each year in the innovative application of parallel computing to challenges in science, engineering and large-scale data analytics. The $10,000 prize is presented to a single winner.
As per a newly announced TOP500 list – an independently compiled list of the number of supercomputers per nation – China has 171 supercomputers, the joint most together with the United States.