Assad made an unannounced visit to Moscow on Tuesday, during which he had talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin. The leaders discussed the continuation of the operation by Russia's Aerospace Forces and Syria's Army against Islamic State (ISIL) in Syria.
The visit of Assad was also necessary to discuss the details of the political process in Syria after the completion of Russia's military operation, member of the Russian Federation Council's International Affairs Committee Igor Morozov told Sputnik.
"Bashar Assad's visit implies the transition to the next phase of [intra-Syrian] peace talks involving the legitimately elected Syrian president," the Russian politician said.
According to Morozov, a military victory over terrorists is only one element of the reconciliation that need to come about in Syria, something that can only be achieved through negotiations involving all Syrian political forces and international mediators.
Moscow has been promoting a political settlement in Syria, having hosted two rounds of intra-Syrian talks between representatives of the Syrian government and the country's opposition in 2015. In July, Moscow expressed its willingness to host a third round of peace talks.
Seyed Hadi Afghahi, an Iranian diplomat, political analyst and expert on Middle Eastern politics, agrees that the talks between Putin and Assad could not have been focused exclusively on the immediate questions concerning military coordination.
"There was another, not a military dimension due to necessity to discuss the completion of all the necessary strategic military action and transition to the main phase of the crisis settlement, namely the establishment of a platform for political dialogue," Seyed Hadi Afghahi told Sputnik.
He added that a dialogue with the opposition and preliminary work on drafting a new Syrian Constitution could be a logical next step in the peace process.
"As Russia's military intervention in the Syrian crisis has become a historic milestone in the maelstrom of regional events, the arrival of Bashar Assad to Moscow and his meeting with Vladimir Putin is a milestone in the future political destiny of Syria," the Iranian diplomat stressed.
Syria has been mired in civil war since 2011, with the army loyal to President Bashar Assad fighting several opposition factions and numerous militant groups, including Islamic State and the Nusra Front, an al-Qaeda affiliate.