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    'It's OK If I Do It': Norwegian Hacking Case Exposes FBI's Double Standards

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    Illegal hacking methods allegedly used by the FBI to obtain evidence and expose users of an international abuse website have stirred a legitimacy debate in Norway.

    According to the Norwegian daily Adresseavisen, the FBI used illegal data gathering methods against local users of a cloaked website to reveal their IP addresses and unveil their identities. The illegal hacking reportedly led to dozens of arrests.

    Earlier this year, seven men were arrested in Norway in connection with an investigation into an international abuse website. Recently, however, it transpired that the scope of the case in Norway alone is broader than initially thought. The country's National Criminal Investigation Service (Kripos) announced that charges have been brought against 43 Norwegians as a result of the ongoing investigation.

    The methods used by the FBI were considered illegal in Norway in 2015, the year the website was active. Foreign authorities were not permitted to access computers in Norway either. Several US courts previously ruled the FBI methods to be illegal as well, as they were used outside the court's jurisdiction that approved their use.

    According to Adresseavisen, the wording used by Kripos in describing all cases involving hacking led to neither courts, defenders or local police being able to understand that the evidence had been obtained illegally.

    Kripos refused to respond to the question of how the cases originated, but rejected having been aware of information that would have made further investigation illegal.

    ​"When we receive information in this way through our collaboration channels, there is an established starting point that the information we receive is obtained according to the rules applicable in the country in question. Kripos is not familiar with information that would indicate that the data received could not be used as a basis to start the cases," Reinert Ottesen, the head of Kripos court and prosecution unit, said, as quoted by Norwegian national broadcaster NRK.

    Nevertheless, data experts and legal scholars are critical of both FBI methods and Kripos procedures. According to law professor Jon Petter Rui at the University of Bergen, Norwegian courts have long deemed admissible illegally obtained evidence, yet cited a change in pattern of late.

    Following Adresseavisen's disclosure, Christian Democratic Party deputy leader Kjell Ingolf Ropstad urged Norway's Justice Ministry to create laws which would enable international police cooperation and data acquisition, which would completely legalize the FBI's methods currently seen controversial.

    The abuse website known as Playpen was active on the Tor network between August 2014 and March 2015. The network keeps its users' identities anonymous. It was forcibly shut down by FBI agents using "special techniques" to obtain information about its users. In total 215,000 people have been identified in connection with the case.


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    hack attack, Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Scandinavia, United States, Norway
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