15:38 GMT06 March 2021
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    In particular, one analyst told Sputnik that the UN must do more to put an end to "economic discrimination" against developing countries, such as India.

    New Delhi (Sputnik) — With much confusion and distress prevailing among Indian oil exporters over an impending decision by the US to sanction Iran and prevent it from shipping oil to Asian buyers, a number of analysts contend it is time global institutions, such as the UN, intervene and prevent discrimination against lesser developed nations.

    Vijay Sardana, a food security and agri-business analyst, strongly called for this in an interview with Sputnik:

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    "I do believe that it is high time, globally recognised institutions like the United Nations and some developed countries should step in to stop this economic discrimination of developing nations like India and others," Sardana said.

    The latest US sanctions against Iran have barred Asian buyers, including India, from importing oil from Tehran. Iran was shipping oil to India at discounted rates. The US decision is also reportedly causing concern among oil-meal exporters.

    Stating that a "lack of import availability will have an overall critical and debilitating impact on commodity pricing in particular and the economy in general," Sardana added: "These decisions can have a terrible effect on our productive resources in the short and long term. The global political discourse should now be about introducing a mechanism to safeguard developing and underdeveloped countries and ensure uniform or near uniform consumption patterns."

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    Ravi Singh, a commodities analyst, opined, "Iranian feed industries have always been looking at India to meet their requirement of soybean meal, but the recent export flow clearly reflects the impact of US sanctions. In April, Indian oil meal export volumes to Iran and other countries dropped drastically."

    "Going forward, if the US sanctions over Iranian trades grows severe, exports volumes could fall further. Separately, a nominal impact will also be seen on trade flow of Basmati rice for which Iran is also dependent on India," he added.  

    The Indian oil meal industry is an export-oriented market, wherein major buyers are from India are Iran, Thailand, Vietnam, and South Korea. In 2018-2019, Iran alone imported around half-a-million tons of soybean meal and shipped a little over 1.3 million tons.

    Solvent Extractors Association of India (SEA) Executive Director B. V. Mehta told the Indian daily Financial Express that "Exporters are worried that if they should enter into contracts with Iran for soya-meal and oil-meal exports, India would no longer be exempted by the US. Therefore, there is uncertainty in the market".

    The Iranian market had opened up for Indian soybean meal since Iranian feed industries look to India to meet demand for this particular commodity. 

    The views and opinions expressed in the article do not necessarily reflect those of Sputnik.


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