08:27 GMT +321 November 2018
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    A woman visits the grave of a relative in the rebel-held town of Douma, east of the capital Damascus

    The Myth of the 'Moderate' Rebels in Syria

    © AFP 2018 / Sameer Al-Doumy
    Opinion
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    John Wight
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    His name was Mahmoud Issa, a 12-year-old Palestinian boy from a refugee camp close to Aleppo in Syria. He was kidnapped by a group of men from the Nour al-Din al-Zinki Movement, one of the many groups fighting in Syria against the Assad government.

    This particular rebel group is fortunate in that it enjoys the backing and sanction of Washington, part of the State Department's "moderate" faction of rebel groups as opposed to the extremist faction exemplified by the likes of Nusra and Daesh.

    After kidnapping Mahmoud these "moderates" filmed themselves taunting and accusing the boy of being a member of a pro-Assad Palestinian militia group. Mahmoud, understandably, is terrified. The taunting goes on until one of the men takes a knife and proceeds to saw his head off. That's right, your eyes do not deceive you, the man sawed the head off a 12-year-old child while he was still alive. Even worse, they posted the video on social media afterwards, so the entire world could see it.

    The Nour al-Din al-Zinki Movement has confirmed the video's authenticity and that the men responsible belong to the group. The beheading of Mahmoud Issa, they claim, was an "individual mistake."  

    ​US Secretary of State John Kerry, meanwhile, said in response to the murder:

    "Obviously we're very concerned. If proven, it would give us pause about any assistance or, frankly, any further involvement with this group." 

    In light of the horrific slaughter, there is simply no longer any justification for supporting the polyglot Syrian opposition, regardless of whether they come packaged as extremists or moderates.

    The Syrian people do not have the luxury of making any such distinction: a head-chopping fanatic is a head-chopping fanatic, and by now it is inarguable that in Syria there is no nice, cultured, pro-democracy opposition waiting to replace the Assad government in Damascus should it fall. There is instead the guarantee that Syria would enter an abyss of slaughter and butchery such as the world has not seen in many a year. Syria's past and present as a non-sectarian, secular state would be no more and its future as a mass grave would begin.   

    ​This stark choice facing the Syrian people is what drives the Syrian Arab Army to continue resisting the invasion of their land by thousands of crazed Salafi-jihadists, despite the battering it has taken over five long years of unremitting carnage. They are fighting an enemy driven by the most barbaric and brutal ideology to emerge since the Khmer Rouge turned Cambodia into a vast killing field in the 1970s.

    ​And just like the Khmer Rouge, who slaughtered 2 million people before their four-year reign of terror in Cambodia was ended in 1979 by the intervention of the People's Army of Vietnam, the various Salafi-jihadist groups that have been laying waste to large tracts of Syria in recent years are intent on returning the country to their own version of "Year Zero."

    Cambodian men looks at skulls of victims killed by the Khmer Rouge regime at the Choeung Ek killing fields memorial
    © AFP 2018 / Tang Chhin Sothy
    Cambodian men looks at skulls of victims killed by the Khmer Rouge regime at the Choeung Ek killing fields memorial

    The similarity does not end there. For in Cambodia in the 1970s and across Syria and Iraq just over three decades later, the seeds of chaos and resulting societal collapse from which both the Khmer Rouge and its modern Middle East incarnation sprouted were seeds planted by Washington.

    ​Cambodia was carpet-bombed between 1969 and 1973 with the strategic objective of denying the North Vietnamese Army the ability to use it to transport troops, weapons, and supplies into South Vietnam. The bombing campaign was concentred on the countryside, where 90 percent of the country's population lived in villages and hamlets. John Pilger — whose 1979 documentary "Year Zero" on the brutality of the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia remains a glowing testament to investigative journalism — writes that:

    "During one six-month period in 1973, B-52s [US bombers] dropped more bombs in 3,695 raids on the populated heartland of Cambodia than were dropped on Japan during all of the Second World War: the equivalent, in tons of bombs, of five Hiroshimas."

    Pilger records that the carpet-bombing of Cambodia "provided a small group of fanatical Maoists, the Khmer Rouge, with a catalyst for a revolution which had no popular base among the Khmer people."

    Fast-forward to 2003 and the war and occupation of Iraq unleashed by the United States in conjunction with its British ally carries with it striking parallels with Cambodia in the 1970s. The destabilization of the region wrought by the complete collapse of Iraqi society in the ensuing violence and chaos opened the door to the emergence of a fundamentalist strain of Sunni Islam even more extreme than that of al-Qaeda.

    The Arab Spring of 2011, which began as a revolutionary wave of mass protest, toppling the US-backed dictatorships of Ben Ali in Tunisia and Mubarak in Egypt, was transformed into an Arab winter when it arrived in Libya. Lacking mass and popular support, from this point it could only succeed with western intervention, turning it into a counter revolutionary movement whose vanguard now included Salafists intent on turning the clock back in Libya and the wider region to the seventh century.

    Five years later Libya is destroyed, a pale imitation of a functioning state, while Syria remains engulfed in a struggle for its survival. And in this struggle the only moderates are the soldiers of the Syrian Arab Army and its allies.

      Damages are seen due to clashes between the Libyan military and Islamic militias in Benghazi, Libya (File)
    © AP Photo / Mohammed El-Sheikhy
    Damages are seen due to clashes between the Libyan military and Islamic militias in Benghazi, Libya (File)

    The brutal beheading of 12-year-old Mahmoud Issa by US-backed rebels will forever stand as an indictment of Washington's role in a conflict in which the choice facing the world is between barbarism and civilization.

    In other words, there is no choice at all.

    Tags:
    Middle East, military operation in Syria, Islamist factions, jihadists, opposition forces, civilian casualties, moderate Syrian rebels, genocide, beheading, execution, funding, conflict, war, opinion, Syrian crisis, Iraq War, Nour al-Din al-Zenki, Daesh, John Pilger, Syria, United States, United Kingdom, Cambodia, Washington
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