On Tuesday, security forces put Lunel into lockdown, raiding sites linked to a jihadist ring and arresting five suspects on suspicion of the recruitment and indoctrination of local youth to wage a jihad in Syria and Iraq.
"For many people, it is the increasing sense of alienation with such a [polarized] society, they have a feeling that they don't identify themselves with France," program coordinator at the European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR) Hugh Lovatt told Sputnik.
European Muslims' leanings toward radical teachings could be explained by "a generational shift where you see some rejection of traditional forms of authority, within the family but also traditional Islamic sources as the interpretation of Koran," the expert added.
Lovatt concluded that the young radicals are "turning increasingly towards self-proclaimed Islamic scholars, who actually have very little traditional background."
The Carnegie Center's Middle East Program visiting scholar Joseph Bahout told Sputnik that young extremists "revert to radicalism, because this is the way to express violently these claims and interests that they perceive as being suppressed."
The scholar added that governments should also "have a political answer, which has to do with the situation in the Middle East" and try to improve the social and economic situation in their society by trying "to alleviate the marginalization that is causing radicalization."
"It has to do with employment, with identity, with stigmatization, it has to do with a lot of things," Bahout added.
"What should not be done is pursuing policies that only increase the sense of polarization, alienation that many feel in Europe," ECFR program coordinator told Sputnik.
Police raids on radical Islamist cells have intensified in France, Germany and Belgium following the January attack on the Charlie Hebdo weekly and related killings in France.
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