A Canadian judge has found a mass killer guilty of all 26 counts but in an unprecedented step she decided she would refer to him only as John Doe.
Giving her ruling on YouTube on Wednesday, 3 March, Judge Anne Molloy said Alex Minassian - who she referred to as Doe - had hankered after fame and notoriety.
She said: "Mr Doe thought about committing these crimes over a considerable period of time and made a considered decision to proceed. His attack on these 26 victims that day was an act of a reasoning mind notwithstanding its horrific nature and notwithstanding that he has no remorse for it, and no empathy for his victims."
Following today’s verdict, we remember the many victims in this horrific attack. This was a day @TorontoPolice saw the absolute worst of humanity & the public saw the absolute best of TO’s first responders, city agencies, medical workers & brave citizens https://t.co/sipVwnRo2O— Toronto Police Association (@TPAca) March 3, 2021
On 24 April 2018, Minassian, 28, was dropped by his father in the centre of town, having told him he was going to meet a friend.
But instead he rented a van and drove it down the pavement in Yonge Street - one of the busiest shopping districts in Toronto - killing eight women and two men, aged between 22 and 94.
He didn’t care if he died as long as he achieved fame. He was a failure. At times during his assessment he described his crimes as despicable, a horrible thing. “He had a functioning brain and knew it was morally wrong ... he then made a choice. Knew it was what he wanted to do.— Catherine McDonald (@cmcdonaldglobal) March 3, 2021
He was eventually arrested but later told detectives he had hoped to be shot dead by police.
Moments before launching the attack Minassian published a post on his Facebook page about the "incel rebellion".
Minassian self-identified as an incel, an involuntary celibate, and admired Elliot Rodger, an American spree killer who created much of the incel ideology, which revolves around loathing of attractive and fit men and women, known as Chads and Stacys.
After the attack someone anonymously a "manifesto" which Minassian had written on the message board 4Chan.
Just watched the judge say that Alex Minassian (Van Attack) is GUILTY. He will be automatically be sentenced to a minimum of life in prison without possibility of parole for at least 25 years. Today is a good day. pic.twitter.com/ziHGNResRB— Manzan 🇨🇮🇨🇩🇨🇦 (@manzan_SMILEZZ) March 3, 2021
It read: “Private (Recruit) Minassian Infantry 00010, wishing to speak to Sgt 4chan please. C23249161. The Incel Rebellion has already begun! We will overthrow all the Chads and Stacys! All hail the Supreme Gentleman Elliot Rodger!”
During his police interrogation Minassian said he had been motivated by his hatred of women, which was linked to his sexual frustration and his frequent rejection by females.
He said he joined the online incel community and shared their ideology, which espouses a hatred of "Chads" (handsome, muscular and charming men) and "Stacys" (beautiful, sexy and unattainable women).
His lawyers sought to prove he was not criminally responsible because he suffered from Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) but Judge Molloy ruled this week that was not the case and she found him guilty of all 26 counts. He will be sentenced later this month.
And if you missed it, read @alysanmati's in-depth analysis from Monday:— Alex Boutilier (@alexboutilier) March 3, 2021
Could this have been prevented? Why the Alek Minassian verdict won’t answer one key question https://t.co/4O7Bmr4wDy via @torontostar
Judge Molloy said: "This case has in many ways and on many days been a struggle. This accused committed a horrific crime, one of the most devastating tragedies this city has ever endured, for the purpose of achieving fame."
In the past it has been argued that those who carry out mass shootings and publish manifestos to try and justify their actions - such as Seung-hui Cho, who killed 32 people at Virginia Tech in 2007 - should be anonymised as a way of deterring future attack.
The ten people who died in the Toronto attack were Anne Marie D'Amico, 30, Dorothy Sewell, 80, Renuka Amarasingha, 45, Munir Najjar, 85, Chul Min Kang - known as Eddie, 45, Betty Forsyth, 94, Sohe Chung, 22, Andrea Bradden, 33, Geraldine Brady, 83 and Ji Hun Kim, 22.