"The leaders confirmed their intention to continue comprehensive deepening of bilateral relations, which have the character of a very privileged strategic partnership. The discussion focused on practical issues of the two countries' cooperation, including preparations for the top level contacts to be held shortly," a statement from the Kremlin said.
Russia has been supportive of India's membership in the 48-member Nuclear Suppliers Group.
India wants more pro-active support from Russian President Putin so as to influence China and Kazakhstan as these countries are still not supportive of India's bid for NSG membership.
China has been insisting on the NPT as a criterion for NSG membership.
Prime Minister Modi will meet with Russian President and Chinese President Xi on the sidelines of the SCO Summit in Tashkent on June 23, just before the NSG plenary in Seoul.