Half of the respondents placed responsibility on families of the homeless, while 10% of respondents said the problem is of local concern and could be solved by municipal authorities.
A small number of those polled referred the problem to public and charity organizations (5% and 3% respectively) and church (5%).
Almost half of the respondents (48%) said the government must improve material and social support of families having children to solve the problem.
One-third of those polled called for taking tough measures, such as increasing parents' administrative responsibility for their children's upbringing (38%) and even introducing criminal responsibility for parents (33%).
Less frequent were answers urging the revival of family values and more budget spending on orphanage bodies and reception centers (23% each), anti-alcoholic and anti-drug campaigns (20%) and the material and social support of adopting families (19%).
Twelve percent of those polled said simplifying the procedure of revoking paternal rights and adoption regulations could reduce the number of vagrant children.
The poll found that the public must focus on alcoholism, drug addiction (45%), juvenile delinquency (35%), low living standards (29%) and homelessness (21%) of children.
Few respondents mentioned the mass media covering the issues of adoption by Russian (5%) and foreign (4%) families.
The poll was held on June 11-12 and included 1,592 people from 153 settlements and cities in 46 regions, territories and republics of Russia with a 3.4% statistical error.