On Friday, the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), controlling the area, reported the cross-border operation’s civilian death toll to be 59, saying that 134 other individuals on the Syrian side of the border had been injured. On Saturday, the Turkish forces attacked residential buildings in the Afrin area with different types of weapons, the agency reported.
Ankara started its operation "Olive Branch" in Afrin on January 20. According to the Turkish leadership, the operation was aimed at clearing the country's border with Syria from terrorist presence. Ankara considers the People's Protection Units (YPG), part of the SDF, being linked to the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), which is listed as terrorist organization in Turkey.
Damascus has expressed its opposition to the Turkish operation, saying that the operation violated Syrian sovereignty.