J. Scott Marcus, a Senior Fellow at Bruegel, a Brussels-based economics think tank, and an independent consultant has commented on the cost of a no-deal Brexit and the possibilities of the EU giving Johnson what he wants.
In essence, Johnson (like many Brexiteers) has wanted from the start to have nearly all of the benefits of EU membership with none of the responsibilities. His current negotiating posture with the EU and with his own Parliament assumes that the EU will be motivated to cut a deal that is highly favourable to the UK.
This is a completely flawed vision. The UK is under far greater pressure than the EU, for the simple reason that the EU represents a far greater share of the UK's international trade than vice versa. The EU has long since "priced in" the cost of a no-deal Brexit, and is not happy with it but can live with it. It is less costly than the damage that would be done to the EU by granting special favours to the UK that every other member state would then insist on.
So the EU is not going to give Johnson what he wants. It is as simple as that. Johnson and his cohorts are still in denial - they have an unrealistic vision of the UK's value and importance.
Parliament either will or will not, force a change of course. This will possibly be resolved in the next 24 hours. What exactly will happen is unclear, but it is clear that Johnson has lost his majority.