On their way to the celebration, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and German President Joachim Gauck were insulted by supporters of the far-right PEGIDA movement, German media reported.
The protesters called the country's leaders "traitors," chanting slogans like "Merkel has to go" or "Merkel to Siberia, Putin to Berlin."
"Yesterday, it became clear to the world public what Merkel & Co. have achieved with their refugee policy," journalist Guido Grandt wrote.
According to him, the German leaders not only caused fear among the population, "but also rage and indignation."
"At least since yesterday, politicians of all parties have become aware of the fear which is present in the country they are governing," the journalist wrote.
Merkel has been repeatedly criticized for her open-door policy toward refugees. The most severe criticism came from PEGIDA supporters who have marched through Dresden every Monday for close to two years to protest against the perceived "Islamization" of Europe.