21:45 GMT +319 October 2018
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    A health ministry worker fumigates a house to kill mosquitoes during a campaign against dengue and chikungunya and to prevent the entry of Zika virus in Managua, Nicaragua

    Nicaragua Confirms Two More Zika Virus Cases, 31 Infected in Total

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    Nicaragua has confirmed a total of 31 Zika virus cases, first lady and Coordinator of the Council of Communication and Citizenry (CCC) Rosario Murillo said.

    MOSCOW (Sputnik) – On Thursday, a 32-year-old woman and a 42-year-old man, both residents of Nicaragua’s capital Managua, tested positive for Zika, according to Murillo.

    "We have information about two more cases that tested positive yesterday, we now have 31 confirmed cases," Murillo said on Friday as quoted by El Nuevo Diario.

    Of the total 31 Zika cases confirmed in Nicaragua, three are that of pregnant women.

    The Zika virus affects primarily monkeys and humans and is transmitted by daytime-active mosquitoes. Transmission through blood transfusions and sexual intercourse has been reported and the virus has also been detected in saliva and urine.

    Zika does not cause serious complications in adults, but it is suspected of leading to severe brain defects in newborns.

    The current Zika outbreak started in Brazil in the spring of 2015. It has since spread across Latin America, with cases having been reported in several European countries and the United States.

    The World Health Organization (WHO) has branded the current Zika virus outbreak a public health emergency.

    No vaccine is available to treat the Zika virus.

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