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'Natasha' of Mass Destruction: How Moscow and NATO Nickname Russian Weapons

© Sputnik / Alexey Malgavko / Go to the photo bankThe Russian heavy flamethrower system TOS-1A "Solntsepyok" during demonstration firing conducted at the 10th Russia Arms Expo international exhibition's opening
The Russian heavy flamethrower system TOS-1A Solntsepyok during demonstration firing conducted at the 10th Russia Arms Expo international exhibition's opening - Sputnik International
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The tradition of giving the North American Treaty Organization (NATO) reporting names to Russian warplanes goes back to the beginning of the Cold War. Sputnik looks into how other Russian military hardware is nicknamed by the alliance and in Russia.

Traditionally, any kind of weapon in Russia, including a tank, a pistol or an aircraft, is given an official alphabetic or alphanumeric designation.

But in everyday life, the country's designers and the military refer to Russian weaponry by official and unofficial nicknames, something that is also the case with NATO representatives.

In this vein, it is worth pointing to a systemic approach related to the nicknames of some kinds of weapons.

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The most vivid example is the "flower" series of Soviet and Russian self-propelled cannons, howitzers and mortars: "Vasilyok" (Cornflower), "Gvozdika" (Carnation), "Akatsiya" (Acacia), "Pion" (Peony) and "Tyulpan" (Tulip).

The multiple launch rocket systems, capable of destroying a whole settlement in a minute, are traditionally named in honor of destructive natural phenomena: "Grad" (Hail), "Uragan" (Hurricane),"Smerch" (Twist) and "Tornado."

The names of rivers are typically given to Russian air defense systems, such as "Shilka," "Tunguska," "Dvina," "Neva," "Pechora" and "Angara."

© Sputnik / Igor Zarembo / Go to the photo bankTunguska self-propelled anti aircraft system
Tunguska self-propelled anti aircraft system - Sputnik International
Tunguska self-propelled anti aircraft system

An array of Russian self-propelled and towed artillery systems also gets such nicknames, including "Msta," "Khosta" and "Kama."

Many types of Russian military hardware receive nicknames related to their individual characteristics. It suffices to mention the heaviest Russian intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) R-36M2 nicknamed "Voevoda" (Warchief).

"This 'general of all ICBMs' is capable of delivering as many as 10 combat blocks with a capacity of up to a megaton each to the enemy's territory," according to RIA Novosti expert Andrey Kots.

"The attack helicopter Mi-28 'Night Hunter,' as you might guess, is specifically designed for operating in the dark. As for the high-speed missile torpedo "Shkval" (Squall), it is the absolute record holder in its class in terms of speed," he explained.

© Sputnik / Sergey Pyatakov / Go to the photo bankA Mil Mi-28-NE Havoc (Night Hunter) attack helicopter
A Mil Mi-28-NE Havoc (Night Hunter) attack helicopter - Sputnik International
A Mil Mi-28-NE Havoc (Night Hunter) attack helicopter

According to him, the overwhelming majority of Soviet and Russian weapons were nicknamed in line with the "try to guess what it means" principle.

Certainly, it's hard to understand why the prototype automatic grenade launcher TKB-0134 was nicknamed "Kozlik" (Kid), not to mention the heavy flamethrower system TOS-1 "Buratino" (Pinocchio) and the "Gepard" (Cheetah)-class frigates.

© Sputnik / Alexey Malgavko / Go to the photo bankHeavy flamethrower system TOS-1 "Buratino" during demonstration firing conducted at the 10th Russia Arms Expo international exhibition's opening
Heavy flamethrower system TOS-1 Buratino during demonstration firing conducted at the 10th Russia Arms Expo international exhibition's opening - Sputnik International
Heavy flamethrower system TOS-1 "Buratino" during demonstration firing conducted at the 10th Russia Arms Expo international exhibition's opening

"Separately, we should mention the nicknames of various munitions, which were apparently coined by those with a poetic attitude of mind," Kots pointed out, citing the Grad system's 122 mm missile 9M22K "Ukrasheniye" (Decoration), a 240 mm missile MS-24 with a chemical warhead "Laska" (Сaress) and a 220 mm leaflet shell "Paragraf" (Paragraph).

Also, it is worth mentioning the air target detection station "Fantasmagoria"(Phantasmagoria), the 30 mm air gun "Balerinka" (Small Ballerina) and the Soviet tactical atomic bomb "Natasha."

© Sputnik / Anton Denisov / Go to the photo bankMikoyan MiG-29 jet fighter aircraft
Mikoyan MiG-29 jet fighter aircraft - Sputnik International
Mikoyan MiG-29 jet fighter aircraft

As far as NATO reporting names are concerned, "an ordinary Russia will certainly scratch his head trying to understand why the strategic Tu-160 bomber is called Blackjack by US media," according to Kots who also referred to the MiG-29 "Fulcrum" fighter and the Ka-25 "Hormone" antisubmarine helicopter.

But strange as it may seem, "NATO's code classification of aircraft and helicopters with the Russian Aerospace Forces is based on a very simple principle," Kots added.

© Sputnik / Dmitriy Vinogradov / Go to the photo bankThe Su-34 lands at Latakia airport, Syria. File photo
The Su-34 lands at Latakia airport, Syria. File photo  - Sputnik International
The Su-34 lands at Latakia airport, Syria. File photo

He explained that the first letters of NATO reporting names correspond to the type of Russian warplane or helicopter.

"For example, fighters get nicknames, which have the first letter F," Kots said citing the Su-27 "Flanker" fighter jet, the MiG-31 "Foxhound" supersonic interceptor aircraft and the Su-34 "Fullback" fighter-bomber.

This principle also pertains to Russian bombers, such as the Tu-95 "Bear," the Tu-22 "Blinder" and the Tu-22M "Backfire."

© Sputnik / Mikhail Klimentyev / Go to the photo bankAn Il-78 tanker aircraft, right, and a Tu-95 heavy bomber
An Il-78 tanker aircraft, right, and a Tu-95 heavy bomber - Sputnik International
An Il-78 tanker aircraft, right, and a Tu-95 heavy bomber

The letter M (miscellaneous) in the NATO classification denotes all other types of Russian aircraft, including reconnaissance, training and long-range radar detection planes.

The Tu-160  strategic bomber - Sputnik International
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These include the Yak-130 "Mitten" trainer, the A-50 "Mainstay" airborne early warning and control aircraft and the Il-78 "Midas" aerial refueling tanker. 

Russian transport aircraft nicknames start with the letter C (cargo). They include the Il-76 "Candid," the An-124 "Condor" and the An-12 "Cub." 

The NATO reporting names for Russian helicopters include the first letter H (helicopter): the Mi-24 "Hind," the Mi-28 "Havoc" and the Mi-26 "Hoodlum."

"With many reporting names picked up by NATO rather aptly, one will certainly wonder why the Su-25 ground attack aircraft is nicknamed 'Frogfoot,'" Kots concluded.

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