"Today we are announcing a new coordinated effort to force votes to get answers for the American people. We will force Republicans to take votes on the record… [and] we will expose House Republicans in action for their willful, shameful enabling," Pelosi told reporters at a joint news conference with eight other lawmakers.
Seven members of Congress announced that they would introduce Resolutions of Inquiry on Friday as part of the coordinated effort.
The goal of the procedural measures is to hold Republicans accountable for their "complicity" with Trump, Pelosi said.
"They [Republicans] have become enablers of the violation of our Constitution, the attack on the integrity of our elections, the security of our country," Pelosi said.
Congresswoman Maxine Waters said she and other Democrats on the Financial Services Committee introduced a Resolution of Inquiry directing the Treasury secretary to provide any documents related to credit extended by Russian banks or Russian government officials to the president, his immediate family, his associates or his properties and businesses.
In a similar vein, Congressman Bill Pascrell said he would introduce a Resolution of Inquiry to force the release of Trump's tax returns to the Ways and Means Committee.
Meanwhile, Congressman Joaquin Castro introduced a Resolution of Inquiry directing the Secretary of State to provide Congress with any documents or communications records related to efforts to modify or revoke sanctions against Russia.
"If during the campaign or since the president's inauguration members of the Trump team have considered altering sanctions on our adversary Russia, Congress and the American people need to know and have a right to know," Castro told reporters. "House Republicans shouldn't be providing cover for the administration and its affection for Russia."
Congresswoman Pramilia Jayapal and Congressman David Cicilline said they would draft a Resolution of Inquiry, as well as letters to the chair of the Judiciary Committee demanding more information about Jared Kusher and Donald Trump Jr,'s affairs and meetings with Russian government officials.
Jayapal said the resolution seeks to expose the full extent of the ties between Donald Trump's inner circle and the Kremlin.
"I fear that we are witnessing a betrayal of our nation that is unlike anything we have ever seen before in American politics. And we have a responsibility to uncover the truth and to lay the facts bare for all to see and judge for themselves," Cicilline told reporters.
For her part, Congresswoman Bonnie Watson Coleman drafted a Resolution of Inquiry calling on the Department of Homeland Security to provide the House Homeland Security Committee with all documents of payments made by the agency to Trump organizations or Trump family travel in furtherance of Trump family business.
In addition, Congressman Hank Johnson, Ranking Member of the Transportation and Infrastructure, drafted a resolution to force the General Service Administration to produce documents related to a 60-year lease agreement for the Trump Organization to develop the iconic Old Post Office building in Washington.
"We need to ensure that President Trump is not enriching himself while serving in the ultimate position of public trust," Johnson said.
Republicans are unlikely to back any of the resolutions, but Democrats could use the recorded votes as political fodder during next year's midterm elections.
The issue of Russia's alleged meddling in the 2016 presidential election has become a political weapon in Washington, with Democrats seeking to portray Trump and his Republican party as soft on Russia.
Russia has repeatedly denied interference in the US presidential election and has called such allegations absurd and intended to deflect public attention from revealed instances of election fraud and corruption as well as other domestic concerns.