Clashes have been shaking Nagorno-Karabakh since 27 September, with Baku and Yerevan accusing each other of violating ceasefire deals and carrying out attacks in the area. Armenia has declared martial law and general mobilisation, while partial mobilisation and partial martial law have also been introduced in Azerbaijan.
Russia, the US, and France urged the sides to resume talks without preconditions, while Turkey stated that it would provide Azerbaijan with any kind of support needed, both in negotiations and in combat.
The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict escalated in the late 1980s, with the predominantly Armenian-populated region proclaiming independence from Azerbaijan in 1991. This resulted in a full-scale war between Baku and Yerevan (1992-1994) that claimed the lives of an estimated 40,000 troops and civilians from both sides.
A ceasefire was signed in 1994, but the conflict remained frozen, and the self-proclaimed Nagorno-Karabakh Republic still continues to be an unrecognised state.
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