"The ship will sail from the Pacific to the Atlantic in around 14 hours," he said, referring to the trip through the Panama Canal.
The frigate of the Far Eastern State Technical Fishing University departed from Vladivostok, Russia's largest port on the Pacific, on November 2, 2007.
The trip is dedicated to the 190th anniversary of the world-round trip performed by Russian ships led by Faddei Bellinsgauzen and Mikhail Lazarev, as well as 50 years of Russian research in Antarctica.
The spokesman also said the vessel would later drop anchor in the Caribbean to get drinking water and food. The ship is then due to arrive in Caracas, Venezuela on March 4. It is then scheduled to leave for Cuba two days later.
The ship, with 121 marine cadets on board, is to cover 32,800 nautical miles and visit 22 countries in 9 months.
The three-mast Pallada is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the fastest sailing vessel in the world, with a speed exceeding 18 knots.
The sailing ship, the winner of many international festivals and races, has performed over 100 international trips over 13 years. It has also been visited by many famous people, including Jackie Chan and Arnold Schwarzenegger.