01:13 GMT07 April 2020
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    Le Huffington Post columnist Didier Chaudet analyzed Russia’s decision to sell Iran the S-300 missile defense system. The deal is not about mere economics, but a series of complex, chess-like moves successfully implemented by the Russian government to bring the West and Iran to the negotiation table.

    Russia's plan to sell the S-300 missile defense system to Iran was a well-orchestrated move that not only benefited Moscow's economic and political interests, but also brought together the West and Iran to the negotiation table, said Didier Chaudet, a columnist for Le Huffington Post and professor at the Institute of Political Studies in Paris.

    In terms of economy, by resuming the S-300 deal Moscow built a good foundation to establish economic and trade relations with Tehran. This is a wise decision on Russia's behalf, considering the Iranian market might be open for arms sales again, after the P5+1 group and Iran settle on a final stage of the nuclear negotiations in June.

    When this happens, Tehran would certainly want to modernize its military hardware, especially its aviation that mostly consists of MiG-29 planes, built back in the 1970s. Considering that Iran's enemy, Saudi Arabia, became the largest arms importer in 2014 surpassing India, Tehran would want to catch up with the Saudis, Chaudet argued.

    Tehran is willing to shell out around $40 billion to modernize its army and that makes Iran a very profitable market.

    In 2010, then-Russian president Dmitry Medvedev signed a decree, canceling the S-300 sales to Iran. Although some took it as Moscow showing its weakness and willing to follow Washington's orders, the logic behind the move was more calculated.

    By canceling the S-300 deal with Iran in 2010, Moscow forced Tehran to a dialogue, showing that without the nuclear negotiations the S-300 deal wouldn't happen. That pushed Tehran to the negotiation table with the P5+1 group later on, the French political scientist argued.

    When Iran and the P5+1 group reached a preliminary agreement on the nuclear deal last month, Moscow reminded Tehran that it keeps its promises and thanked Iran for its willingness to negotiate by resuming the S-300 sales.

    At the same time, the arms deal showed the West that Moscow hadn't forgotten about the Russo-Iranian relations. The S-300 deal showed everyone that Moscow would support Tehran if the country was attacked. By doing so, Russia sent two messages to Western leaders. First, Russia does not agree with the policy of aggressive sanctions and threats against Tehran. Second, the West has to find a diplomatic agreement with Iran.

    In other words, Russia played the key role during the recent nuclear negotiations with Iran. By masterfully playing with the S-300 deal, Moscow not only brought the West and Iran to the negotiation table, but also made all parties work and eventually find an agreement that pleased everyone's interests, the political scientist said.

    The views and opinions expressed in the article do not necessarily reflect those of Sputnik.

    Related:

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    Countries Should Think Twice Before Striking Iran After S-300 Delivery
    Russian S-300 Missile Sale to Iran May Violate US Sanctions - White House
    Tags:
    nuclear deal, politics, diplomacy, S-300, P5+1, Didier Chaudet, Vladimir Putin, Iran, Russia, West
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