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Timeline of Neo-Nazi Marches in Ukraine

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Ukrainian ultra-nationalism emerged long before the events of the Euromaidan. However, it was after the 2014 coup that neo-Nazism became a part of the country’s political system.
The ‘ban’ on Nazi symbols is a formality, with radicals free to organise marches and torchlight processions in honour of fascist war criminals in the streets of their cities.
© Sputnik / Alexander Mazurkevich / Go to the photo bank

2009: Lvov. Young people with portraits of the leaders of the Organisation of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) – a fascist organisation which collaborated with Nazi Germany during World War II, stand before a monument to Stepan Bandera, one of OUN’s founders, during a ‘Day of Heroes’ celebration by veterans of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army, a wartime fascist paramilitary force.

2009: Lvov. Young people with portraits of the leaders of the Organisation of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) – a fascist organisation which collaborated with Nazi Germany during World War II, stand before a monument to Stepan Bandera, one of OUN’s founders, during a ‘Day of Heroes’ celebration by veterans of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army, a wartime fascist paramilitary force. - Sputnik International
1/21

2009: Lvov. Young people with portraits of the leaders of the Organisation of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) – a fascist organisation which collaborated with Nazi Germany during World War II, stand before a monument to Stepan Bandera, one of OUN’s founders, during a ‘Day of Heroes’ celebration by veterans of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army, a wartime fascist paramilitary force.

© Sputnik / Pavel Palamarchuk / Go to the photo bank

2014: Lvov. Participants of a march dedicated to the anniversary of the creation of the 14thSS-Volunteer Division Galicia. Nazi Germany began to form this division in April 1943. SS Galicia is one of the most infamous collaborationist nationalist units to fight with the Axis side on the territory of the former USSR.

2014: Lvov. Participants of a march dedicated to the anniversary of the creation of the 14thSS-Volunteer Division Galicia. Nazi Germany began to form this division in April 1943. SS Galicia is one of the most infamous collaborationist nationalist units to fight with the Axis side on the territory of the former USSR. - Sputnik International
2/21

2014: Lvov. Participants of a march dedicated to the anniversary of the creation of the 14thSS-Volunteer Division Galicia. Nazi Germany began to form this division in April 1943. SS Galicia is one of the most infamous collaborationist nationalist units to fight with the Axis side on the territory of the former USSR.

© Sputnik / Pavel Palamarchuk / Go to the photo bank

2014: Lvov. Participants of a march dedicated to the anniversary of the creation of the 14thSS-Volunteer Division Galicia. The fighting force took part in multiple punitive actions against civilians during the war.

2014: Lvov. Participants of a march dedicated to the anniversary of the creation of the 14thSS-Volunteer Division Galicia. The fighting force took part in multiple punitive actions against civilians during the war. - Sputnik International
3/21

2014: Lvov. Participants of a march dedicated to the anniversary of the creation of the 14thSS-Volunteer Division Galicia. The fighting force took part in multiple punitive actions against civilians during the war.

© Sputnik / Pavel Palamarchuk / Go to the photo bank

2014: Lvov. Participants of the march dedicated to the creation of the 14thSS-Volunteer Division Galicia.

2014: Lvov. Participants of the march dedicated to the creation of the 14thSS-Volunteer Division Galicia. - Sputnik International
4/21

2014: Lvov. Participants of the march dedicated to the creation of the 14thSS-Volunteer Division Galicia.

© Sputnik / Andrey Stenin / Go to the photo bank

2014: Kiev. Hand-to-hand combat training by fighters from the Right Sector, a neo-Nazi political and paramilitary group, in a tent camp on Maidan Nezalezhnosti (Kiev’s Independence Square).

* A radical movement of Ukrainian ultranationalists whose activities are banned in Russia.

2014: Kiev. Hand-to-hand combat training by fighters from the Right Sector, a neo-Nazi political and paramilitary group, in a tent camp on Maidan Nezalezhnosti (Kiev’s Independence Square).* A radical movement of Ukrainian ultranationalists whose activities are banned in Russia. - Sputnik International
5/21

2014: Kiev. Hand-to-hand combat training by fighters from the Right Sector, a neo-Nazi political and paramilitary group, in a tent camp on Maidan Nezalezhnosti (Kiev’s Independence Square).

* A radical movement of Ukrainian ultranationalists whose activities are banned in Russia.

© Sputnik / Ramil Sitdikov / Go to the photo bank

2014: Kiev. A campaign poster depicting Dmitry Yarosh, leader of the Right Sector, on a street in the capital.

2014: Kiev. A campaign poster depicting Dmitry Yarosh, leader of the Right Sector, on a street in the capital. - Sputnik International
6/21

2014: Kiev. A campaign poster depicting Dmitry Yarosh, leader of the Right Sector, on a street in the capital.

© Sputnik / Stringer / Go to the photo bank

2017: Kiev. Participants of a march dedicated to the creation of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army, which coincides with Ukraine Defender Day, a public holiday established in 2014 by then-President Petro Poroshenko and held annually since then each 14 October.

2017: Kiev. Participants of a march dedicated to the creation of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army, which coincides with Ukraine Defender Day, a public holiday established in 2014 by then-President Petro Poroshenko and held annually since then each 14 October. - Sputnik International
7/21

2017: Kiev. Participants of a march dedicated to the creation of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army, which coincides with Ukraine Defender Day, a public holiday established in 2014 by then-President Petro Poroshenko and held annually since then each 14 October.

© Sputnik / Stringer / Go to the photo bank

2018: Lvov. Participants of a nationalist march dedicated to the 109th anniversary of the birth of Stephan Bandera, with one participant carrying the standard of the 14th SS-Volunteer Division Galicia, and another the flag of Bandera’s OUN.

2018: Lvov. Participants of a nationalist march dedicated to the 109th anniversary of the birth of Stephan Bandera, with one participant carrying the standard of the 14th SS-Volunteer Division Galicia, and another the flag of Bandera’s OUN. - Sputnik International
8/21

2018: Lvov. Participants of a nationalist march dedicated to the 109th anniversary of the birth of Stephan Bandera, with one participant carrying the standard of the 14th SS-Volunteer Division Galicia, and another the flag of Bandera’s OUN.

© Sputnik / Stringer / Go to the photo bank

2018: Lvov. Torchlight processions served as an integral part of some holidays in Nazi Germany. Ukrainian nationalists have adopted this tradition.

2018: Lvov. Torchlight processions served as an integral part of some holidays in Nazi Germany. Ukrainian nationalists have adopted this tradition. - Sputnik International
9/21

2018: Lvov. Torchlight processions served as an integral part of some holidays in Nazi Germany. Ukrainian nationalists have adopted this tradition.

© Sputnik / Stringer / Go to the photo bank

2018: Lvov. Participants of a nationalist march. Processions and marches have proven an effective tool for involving teenagers and young people in the ranks of neo-Nazi organisations.

2018: Lvov. Participants of a nationalist march. Processions and marches have proven an effective tool for involving teenagers and young people in the ranks of neo-Nazi organisations. - Sputnik International
10/21

2018: Lvov. Participants of a nationalist march. Processions and marches have proven an effective tool for involving teenagers and young people in the ranks of neo-Nazi organisations.

© Sputnik / Stringer / Go to the photo bank

2018: Kiev. Anti-Russian event by nationalists outside the building of Rossotrudnichestvo, the Russian federal agency responsible for administering civilian foreign aid and cultural exchange. Graffiti reads “Death to Russia.”

Simple slogans and sayings, which don’t require self-reflection, quickly captivated young people. The main idea is that “there is an external enemy – Russia, and it must perish.”

2018: Kiev. Anti-Russian event by nationalists outside the building of Rossotrudnichestvo, the Russian federal agency responsible for administering civilian foreign aid and cultural exchange. Graffiti reads “Death to Russia.”Simple slogans and sayings, which don’t require self-reflection, quickly captivated young people. The main idea is that “there is an external enemy – Russia, and it must perish.” - Sputnik International
11/21

2018: Kiev. Anti-Russian event by nationalists outside the building of Rossotrudnichestvo, the Russian federal agency responsible for administering civilian foreign aid and cultural exchange. Graffiti reads “Death to Russia.”

Simple slogans and sayings, which don’t require self-reflection, quickly captivated young people. The main idea is that “there is an external enemy – Russia, and it must perish.”

© Sputnik / Stringer / Go to the photo bank

2018: Kiev. Monument and grave of General Nikolai Vatutin, the Red Army commander mortally wounded in 1944 in an ambush by the OUN militants. Neo-Nazis from S14, a youth organization of the neo-fascist Svoboda Party, known for its violent attacks on gypsies, Russians, left-wing activists, women’s day marchers, and others, covered the monument with red paint. ‘S14’ is a reference to the Fourteen Words slogan of American white supremacist David Lane. The Vatutin monument was demolished in 2019.

2018: Kiev. Monument and grave of General Nikolai Vatutin, the Red Army commander mortally wounded in 1944 in an ambush by the OUN militants. Neo-Nazis from S14, a youth organization of the neo-fascist Svoboda Party, known for its violent attacks on gypsies, Russians, left-wing activists, women’s day marchers, and others, covered the monument with red paint. ‘S14’ is a reference to the Fourteen Words slogan of American white supremacist David Lane. The Vatutin monument was demolished in 2019. - Sputnik International
12/21

2018: Kiev. Monument and grave of General Nikolai Vatutin, the Red Army commander mortally wounded in 1944 in an ambush by the OUN militants. Neo-Nazis from S14, a youth organization of the neo-fascist Svoboda Party, known for its violent attacks on gypsies, Russians, left-wing activists, women’s day marchers, and others, covered the monument with red paint. ‘S14’ is a reference to the Fourteen Words slogan of American white supremacist David Lane. The Vatutin monument was demolished in 2019.

© Sputnik / Stringer / Go to the photo bank

2019: Lvov. ‘March in Embroidered Shirts’. The aesthetics of embroidered shirts, the beautiful classical national clothing of Ukrainians, has also been co-opted by the ideologists of the neo-Nazis.

2019: Lvov. ‘March in Embroidered Shirts’. The aesthetics of embroidered shirts, the beautiful classical national clothing of Ukrainians, has also been co-opted by the ideologists of the neo-Nazis. - Sputnik International
13/21

2019: Lvov. ‘March in Embroidered Shirts’. The aesthetics of embroidered shirts, the beautiful classical national clothing of Ukrainians, has also been co-opted by the ideologists of the neo-Nazis.

© Sputnik / Stringer / Go to the photo bank

2019: Kiev. Event by ultranationalists, with the text ‘Bandera Arise’ projected on the walls of the Ukrainian Ministry of Internal Affairs building.

2019: Kiev. Event by ultranationalists, with the text ‘Bandera Arise’ projected on the walls of the Ukrainian Ministry of Internal Affairs building. - Sputnik International
14/21

2019: Kiev. Event by ultranationalists, with the text ‘Bandera Arise’ projected on the walls of the Ukrainian Ministry of Internal Affairs building.

© Sputnik / Stringer / Go to the photo bank

2019: Kiev. Participant of a march dedicated to Ukraine Defender Day.

‘Ultras’ – notorious football hooligans with ultranationalist tendencies, as well as young people from underprivileged families, often serve as the backbone of Ukraine’s neo-Nazi organizations.

2019: Kiev. Participant of a march dedicated to Ukraine Defender Day.‘Ultras’ – notorious football hooligans with ultranationalist tendencies, as well as young people from underprivileged families, often serve as the backbone of Ukraine’s neo-Nazi organizations. - Sputnik International
15/21

2019: Kiev. Participant of a march dedicated to Ukraine Defender Day.

‘Ultras’ – notorious football hooligans with ultranationalist tendencies, as well as young people from underprivileged families, often serve as the backbone of Ukraine’s neo-Nazi organizations.

© Sputnik / Stringer / Go to the photo bank

2019: Kiev. Members of the Sokol Organization – another youth group associated with the ultra-right Svoboda Party, during a march dedicated to Ukraine Defender Day.

2019: Kiev. Members of the Sokol Organization – another youth group associated with the ultra-right Svoboda Party, during a march dedicated to Ukraine Defender Day. - Sputnik International
16/21

2019: Kiev. Members of the Sokol Organization – another youth group associated with the ultra-right Svoboda Party, during a march dedicated to Ukraine Defender Day.

© Sputnik / Stringer / Go to the photo bank

2020: Kiev. Participants of a march of nationalists dedicated to the anniversary of the creation of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army.

2020: Kiev. Participants of a march of nationalists dedicated to the anniversary of the creation of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army. - Sputnik International
17/21

2020: Kiev. Participants of a march of nationalists dedicated to the anniversary of the creation of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army.

© Sputnik / Stringer / Go to the photo bank

2020: Kiev. Participants of a march of nationalists dedicated to the creation of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army.

2020: Kiev. Participants of a march of nationalists dedicated to the creation of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army. - Sputnik International
18/21

2020: Kiev. Participants of a march of nationalists dedicated to the creation of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army.

© Sputnik / Stringer

2020: Kiev. ‘Ukraine Above All Else’ – a slogan used by Ukrainian nationalists on a poster carried during a demonstration. Deutschland Uber Alles (‘Germany Above All Else’) served as the slogan of the Nazis. This line, written by German poet August Heinrich Hoffmann (1798-1874) became the first stanza of the anthem of the Third Reich.

2020: Kiev. ‘Ukraine Above All Else’ – a slogan used by Ukrainian nationalists on a poster carried during a demonstration. Deutschland Uber Alles (‘Germany Above All Else’) served as the slogan of the Nazis. This line, written by German poet August Heinrich Hoffmann (1798-1874) became the first stanza of the anthem of the Third Reich. - Sputnik International
19/21

2020: Kiev. ‘Ukraine Above All Else’ – a slogan used by Ukrainian nationalists on a poster carried during a demonstration. Deutschland Uber Alles (‘Germany Above All Else’) served as the slogan of the Nazis. This line, written by German poet August Heinrich Hoffmann (1798-1874) became the first stanza of the anthem of the Third Reich.

© Sputnik / Stringer / Go to the photo bank

2021: Kiev. Participants of a march dedicated to the 112th anniversary of the birth of Stepan Bandera.

2021: Kiev. Participants of a march dedicated to the 112th anniversary of the birth of Stepan Bandera. - Sputnik International
20/21

2021: Kiev. Participants of a march dedicated to the 112th anniversary of the birth of Stepan Bandera.

© Sputnik / Stringer / Go to the photo bank

2022: Kiev. Annual torchlight procession in honour of the birth of Stepan Bandera. In Nazi Germany, torchlight processions were held on Adolf Hitler’s birthday. Text on the poster reads “Nothing will stop an idea whose time has come.” The Kremlin’s Spasskaya Tower is pictured burning in the background.

2022: Kiev. Annual torchlight procession in honour of the birth of Stepan Bandera. In Nazi Germany, torchlight processions were held on Adolf Hitler’s birthday. Text on the poster reads “Nothing will stop an idea whose time has come.” The Kremlin’s Spasskaya Tower is pictured burning in the background. - Sputnik International
21/21

2022: Kiev. Annual torchlight procession in honour of the birth of Stepan Bandera. In Nazi Germany, torchlight processions were held on Adolf Hitler’s birthday. Text on the poster reads “Nothing will stop an idea whose time has come.” The Kremlin’s Spasskaya Tower is pictured burning in the background.

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