- Sputnik International, 1920, 06.01.2022
Protests in Kazakhstan
On 2 January, Kazakhstan was hit by protests in the wake of a spike in fuel prices. The riots turned violent on 4 January, leading to clashes between protesters and the police, looting, killings, and deepening insecurity. The president has declared a nationwide state of emergency.

Maidan Technologies Used in Kazakhstan, Putin Says, as Country Faced Threat to Its Statehood

© REUTERS / PAVEL MIKHEYEVA view shows a burning police car during a protest against LPG cost rise following the Kazakh authorities' decision to lift price caps on liquefied petroleum gas in Almaty, Kazakhstan January 5, 2022.
A view shows a burning police car during a protest against LPG cost rise following the Kazakh authorities' decision to lift price caps on liquefied petroleum gas in Almaty, Kazakhstan January 5, 2022. - Sputnik International, 1920, 10.01.2022
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Kazakh President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, addressing a meeting of heads of the Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO), said that the main goal of the terrorists was undermining constitutional order, the seizure of power and an attempted coup, as he spoke of the wave of protests that swept across Kazakhstan earlier in January.
'Maidan technologies' have been resorted to in Kazakhstan, with the country facing a genuine threat to its statethood, Russian President Vladimir Putin has stated at a video conference of the heads of the Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO).

Maidan Nezalezhnosti, literally "Independence Square", is the central square of Kiev, the capital city of Ukraine. A colour revolution rocked Ukraine in February 2014, when its democratically-elected president was overthrown in a Western-backed coup d'état.

Vladimir Putin warned on Monday that what started as peaceful protests against higher gas prices in Kazakhstan and quickly escalated into violent riots and acts of terrorism was not the first and would not be the last attempt to meddle in the region from abroad.
Stating that the Kazakh President had turned to the members of the Collective Security Treaty Organisation for help in the face of an “unprecedented challenge to its security, integrity and sovereignty,” Putin added that the threat was caused not by spontaneous protests over fuel prices, but by the fact that “destructive internal and external forces had taken advantage of the situation.”
Speaking of the events in Kazakhstan, the Russian President emphasised that Russia would not allow the situation to be rocked at home and the "scenario of the so-called colour revolutions to be implemented."
With that in mind, Putin underscored the need for the CSTO to develop measures jointly with to counter terrorism and protect security.
© AFP 2022 / RUSLAN PRYANIKOVProtesters attend a rally in Almaty on January 4, 2022, after energy price hikes. - Police fired tear gas and stun grenades in a bid to break up an unprecedented thousands-strong march in Almaty, Kazakhstan's largest city, after protests that began over fuel prices threatened to spiral out of control.
Protesters attend a rally in Almaty on January 4, 2022, after energy price hikes. - Police fired tear gas and stun grenades in a bid to break up an unprecedented thousands-strong march in Almaty, Kazakhstan's largest city, after protests that began over fuel prices threatened to spiral out of control. - Sputnik International, 1920, 10.01.2022
Protesters attend a rally in Almaty on January 4, 2022, after energy price hikes. - Police fired tear gas and stun grenades in a bid to break up an unprecedented thousands-strong march in Almaty, Kazakhstan's largest city, after protests that began over fuel prices threatened to spiral out of control.
Mass protests in Kazakhstan began earlier in the week as residents of Zhanaozen and Aktau opposed a two-fold hike in prices for liquefied petroleum gas. The originally peaceful protests subsequently spread to other cities, spiralling into violent clashes with the police, looting and vandalism. President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev declared a state of emergency until 19 January, inviting the CTO peacekeeping forces to help bring the situation under control.

After an appeal by the President of Kazakhstan, the CSTO forces “in a matter of hours” succeeded in preventing any undermining of foundations of state power in Kazakhstan, the complete degradation of the internal situation by “terrorists, criminals and marauders,” said Vladimir Putin.
Municipal workers clean the streets near the main square after the mass protests triggered by fuel price increase, in Almaty, Kazakhstan January 10, 2022 - Sputnik International, 1920, 10.01.2022
Protests in Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan Has Weathered an Attempted Coup D'Etat, President Tokayev Says at CSTO Summit
The Russian President applauded the high level of mutual trust, cooperation and readiness to swiftly spring to action demonstrated by CSTO colleagues.
The forces of the Collective Security Treaty Organisation would remain in the country as long as needed, added Vladimir Putin.

s"A contingent of collective peacekeeping forces of the CSTO has been sent to Kazakhstan and, I want to emphasise this, for a limited period of time, for as long as the president of Kazakhstan, the head of state, ... finds possible to use it," he said at the extraordinary session of the CSTO Collective Security Council.

President Putin also proposed that on the basis of the CSTO further measures be developed to jointly counter such attempts at destructive external interference in the area. He accentuated that CTSO should never be blindsided by tragic events of the kind witnessed by Kazakhstan, and member-states ought to be “fully mobilised and ready to rebuff any provocations."
Also on Monday Prime Minister Akylbek Japarov said that Kyrgyzstan hopes that there will be an open and fair investigation into the involvement of foreigners, including Kyrgyz citizens, in protests in his country. Japarov warned that there remained the risk of the movement of terrorists who took part in Kazakhstan riots between CSTO member states.
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