The Topol-M single-warhead ICBM (NATO reporting name SS-27) is an upgraded version of the RS-12M Topol missile. The development of the Topol-M was initiated by the Moscow Institute of Thermal Technology (MITT) in late 1980s. The first missile was test fired in December 1994.
The ballistic missile has a maximum range of about 11,000 kilometers (6,835 miles) and can carry a nuclear warhead with a yield of up to 550 kilotons. The missile can be deployed on both silo-based and mobile land-based launch platforms.