Diamond Fund: Splendid Luster and Dazzling Glory of Russian History

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On World Jeweler's Day, Sputnik guides you through Russia's Diamond Fund — a unique treasury which has accumulated an ample collection of jewelry, gems and natural nuggets since its establishment by Emperor Peter the Great in 1719.

© Sputnik / Sergei Pyatakov / Go to the photo bankThe Great Imperial Crown by Jeremia Posier, 1762. Gold, silver, diamonds, pearls, spinel.
Diamond Fund: Splendid Luster and Dazzling Glory of Russian History - Sputnik International
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The Great Imperial Crown by Jeremia Posier, 1762. Gold, silver, diamonds, pearls, spinel.
© Sputnik / Sergei Pyatakov / Go to the photo bankA scepter. Early 1770s. Gold, silver, enamel, diamonds, the "Orlov" diamond.
Diamond Fund: Splendid Luster and Dazzling Glory of Russian History - Sputnik International
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A scepter. Early 1770s. Gold, silver, enamel, diamonds, the "Orlov" diamond.
© Sputnik / Vladimir Vdovin / Go to the photo bankThe Imperial Orb, inlaid with a 200 carat Ceylon sapphire.
Diamond Fund: Splendid Luster and Dazzling Glory of Russian History - Sputnik International
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The Imperial Orb, inlaid with a 200 carat Ceylon sapphire.
© Sputnik / Vladimir Vdovin / Go to the photo bankThe Lesser Imperial Crown. Gold, silver, diamonds. Created by jeweler Seftigen for the coronation of Empress Maria Alexandrovna.
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The Lesser Imperial Crown. Gold, silver, diamonds. Created by jeweler Seftigen for the coronation of Empress Maria Alexandrovna.
© Sputnik / Selimkhanov / Go to the photo bankThe Shah uncut diamond of 88.7 carats.
Diamond Fund: Splendid Luster and Dazzling Glory of Russian History - Sputnik International
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The Shah uncut diamond of 88.7 carats.
© Sputnik / Vladimir Vdovin / Go to the photo bankThe "Mephistopheles" gold nugget. Weighs 20.25 g. Found on the Kolyma River in 1944.
Diamond Fund: Splendid Luster and Dazzling Glory of Russian History - Sputnik International
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The "Mephistopheles" gold nugget. Weighs 20.25 g. Found on the Kolyma River in 1944.
© Sputnik / Mikhail Voskresenskiy / Go to the photo bankA diamond tiara with Indian briolettes. It was worn by Emperor Alexander I's spouse Empress Yelizaveta Alekseyevna. Crafted in 1800-10, restored in 1984. Gold, silver, diamonds.
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A diamond tiara with Indian briolettes. It was worn by Emperor Alexander I's spouse Empress Yelizaveta Alekseyevna. Crafted in 1800-10, restored in 1984. Gold, silver, diamonds.
© Sputnik / Mikhail Voskresenskiy / Go to the photo bankThe Andrew the Apostle insignia (early 18th century). Gold, silver, diamonds, enamel.
Diamond Fund: Splendid Luster and Dazzling Glory of Russian History - Sputnik International
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The Andrew the Apostle insignia (early 18th century). Gold, silver, diamonds, enamel.
© Sputnik / Yuriy Somov / Go to the photo bankA brooch with a square emerald of 136.25 carats (Columbia), six big and 150 small diamonds. The 19th century. The brooch was restored in 1983.
Diamond Fund: Splendid Luster and Dazzling Glory of Russian History - Sputnik International
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A brooch with a square emerald of 136.25 carats (Columbia), six big and 150 small diamonds. The 19th century. The brooch was restored in 1983.
© Sputnik / Vladimir Vdovin / Go to the photo bankPink tourmaline (shorl) in the form of a bunch of grapes, approximately 255 carats. Gold, emeralds, enamel. It was presented as a gift to Empress Catherine II by the King of Sweden Gustav III in 1777.
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Pink tourmaline (shorl) in the form of a bunch of grapes, approximately 255 carats. Gold, emeralds, enamel. It was presented as a gift to Empress Catherine II by the King of Sweden Gustav III in 1777.
© Sputnik / Yuriy Somov / Go to the photo bankSt. Andrew's cross, the central part of the ceremonial Imperial chain. It was refurbished in 1983. White gold, enamel, diamonds.
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St. Andrew's cross, the central part of the ceremonial Imperial chain. It was refurbished in 1983. White gold, enamel, diamonds.
© Sputnik / Pavlov / Go to the photo bankA 1764-made bow en-esclavage and pendants (cut diamonds, spinels, gold and silver). Bright gold-lined spinels on foil are rimmed with glittering diamonds. Each pendant necklace consists of nine bright spinels on foil rimmed with Brazilian diamonds.
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A 1764-made bow en-esclavage and pendants (cut diamonds, spinels, gold and silver). Bright gold-lined spinels on foil are rimmed with glittering diamonds. Each pendant necklace consists of nine bright spinels on foil rimmed with Brazilian diamonds.
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