Winter Olympic Disciplines: Biathlon

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Biathlon has its origins in the ancient hunting practices of northern Europeans.

Biathlon has its origins in the ancient hunting practices of northern Europeans.

© RIA Novosti . Alexey Filippov / Go to the photo bankBiathlon has its origins in the ancient hunting practices of northern Europeans.
Winter Olympic Disciplines: Biathlon - Sputnik International
1/11
Biathlon has its origins in the ancient hunting practices of northern Europeans.
© RIA Novosti . Konstantin Chalabov / Go to the photo bankAn Olympic event since 1960, biathlon today combines cross-country skiing with small-caliber rifle marksmanship.
Winter Olympic Disciplines: Biathlon - Sputnik International
2/11
An Olympic event since 1960, biathlon today combines cross-country skiing with small-caliber rifle marksmanship.
© RIA Novosti . Alexey Filippov / Go to the photo bankThe Olympic biathlon events include the individual competition, sprint, pursuit, mass start and relay.
Winter Olympic Disciplines: Biathlon - Sputnik International
3/11
The Olympic biathlon events include the individual competition, sprint, pursuit, mass start and relay.
© RIA Novosti . Alexey Filippov / Go to the photo bankThe Individual competition is a classical style biathlon race covering 20 km for men and 15 km for women, with 4 shooting lanes. Biathletes start at intervals of either 30 seconds or one minute with each competitor choosing his (her) own shooting lane. The first and third shooting stages are taken from the prone position, while the second and fourth are fired standing. Biathletes are penalized one minute for each missed target.
Winter Olympic Disciplines: Biathlon - Sputnik International
4/11
The Individual competition is a classical style biathlon race covering 20 km for men and 15 km for women, with 4 shooting lanes. Biathletes start at intervals of either 30 seconds or one minute with each competitor choosing his (her) own shooting lane. The first and third shooting stages are taken from the prone position, while the second and fourth are fired standing. Biathletes are penalized one minute for each missed target.
© RIA Novosti . Evgeniy Tumashov / Go to the photo bankThe Sprint is an abbreviated version of the Individual competition and one in which speed is a key factor. Men race 10 km, and women 7.5 km, each with two shooting rounds - one prone and one standing. For every missed target, a competitor must complete a 150-meter penalty loop.
Winter Olympic Disciplines: Biathlon - Sputnik International
5/11
The Sprint is an abbreviated version of the Individual competition and one in which speed is a key factor. Men race 10 km, and women 7.5 km, each with two shooting rounds - one prone and one standing. For every missed target, a competitor must complete a 150-meter penalty loop.
© RIA Novosti . Evgeniy Tumashov / Go to the photo bankIn the Pursuit competition, athletes start in a staggered fashion depending on their time in the sprint race. Men ski 12.5 km and women 10 km. Each covers four shooting stages—the first two are taken prone and the second two from a standing position. As with the Sprint competition, athletes ski a 150-meter penalty loop for each miss.
Winter Olympic Disciplines: Biathlon - Sputnik International
6/11
In the Pursuit competition, athletes start in a staggered fashion depending on their time in the sprint race. Men ski 12.5 km and women 10 km. Each covers four shooting stages—the first two are taken prone and the second two from a standing position. As with the Sprint competition, athletes ski a 150-meter penalty loop for each miss.
© RIA Novosti . Alexey Filippov / Go to the photo bankThe Mass Start competition is one of the newest biathlon formats. It covers a distance of 15 km for men and 12.5 km for women, with four shooting stages, the first two prone and second two standing. In each race, the 30 highest ranked athletes start together simultaneously and take their place at the first shooting stage depending on their starting number. Athletes line up at the remaining shooting stages depending on the order in which they arrived at the firing line. A 150-meter penalty loop is added for each miss.
Winter Olympic Disciplines: Biathlon - Sputnik International
7/11
The Mass Start competition is one of the newest biathlon formats. It covers a distance of 15 km for men and 12.5 km for women, with four shooting stages, the first two prone and second two standing. In each race, the 30 highest ranked athletes start together simultaneously and take their place at the first shooting stage depending on their starting number. Athletes line up at the remaining shooting stages depending on the order in which they arrived at the firing line. A 150-meter penalty loop is added for each miss.
© RIA Novosti . Aleksander Vilf / Go to the photo bankThe Relay consists of four-person national teams covering distances of 7.5 km for men and 6 km for women. Each leg of the race includes two shooting stages, one prone and one standing.
Winter Olympic Disciplines: Biathlon - Sputnik International
8/11
The Relay consists of four-person national teams covering distances of 7.5 km for men and 6 km for women. Each leg of the race includes two shooting stages, one prone and one standing.
© RIA Novosti . Konstantin Chalabov / Go to the photo bankAs opposed to the individual disciplines, biathletes in the relay have 8 rounds of ammunition for each firing range – five stored in the magazine and three extra rounds that can be loaded by hand, if necessary. Once all 8 rounds have been fired, the athlete must ski a 150-meter penalty loop for each missed target.
Winter Olympic Disciplines: Biathlon - Sputnik International
9/11
As opposed to the individual disciplines, biathletes in the relay have 8 rounds of ammunition for each firing range – five stored in the magazine and three extra rounds that can be loaded by hand, if necessary. Once all 8 rounds have been fired, the athlete must ski a 150-meter penalty loop for each missed target.
© RIA Novosti . Konstantin Chalabov / Go to the photo bankThe biathlon rifle is a 5.6 mm calibre weapon that is carried on the athlete’s back in a special harness with the barrel pointed up.
Winter Olympic Disciplines: Biathlon - Sputnik International
10/11
The biathlon rifle is a 5.6 mm calibre weapon that is carried on the athlete’s back in a special harness with the barrel pointed up.
© RIA Novosti . Alexey Filippov / Go to the photo bankA world-class «Laura» Cross-country Ski & Biathlon Center is built for the Olympic Winter Games of 2014 in Sochi. Sitting to the northwest of the Rosa Khutor Alpine Resort, this facility includes a 9,600 seat stadium, courses, a shooting range, and a warm-up area.
Winter Olympic Disciplines: Biathlon - Sputnik International
11/11
A world-class «Laura» Cross-country Ski & Biathlon Center is built for the Olympic Winter Games of 2014 in Sochi. Sitting to the northwest of the Rosa Khutor Alpine Resort, this facility includes a 9,600 seat stadium, courses, a shooting range, and a warm-up area.
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