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Ghosts of the USSR: 7 Awesome Projects in Moscow that Remained on Paper

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Leaders of the young Soviet republic in the first half of the 20th century frequently got carried away by mind-boggling projects designed to demonstrate to capitalist countries the strength and potential of a country in which communism reigned. Many Soviet plans were transformed into reality, but even more of them remained on paper.

Leaders of the young Soviet republic in the first half of the 20th century frequently got carried away by mind-boggling projects designed to demonstrate to capitalist countries the strength and potential of a country in which communism reigned. Many Soviet plans were transformed into reality, but even more of them remained on paper. 

© Photo : www.SovArch.ruLeaders of the young Soviet republic in the first half of the 20th century frequently got carried away by mind-boggling projects designed to demonstrate to capitalist countries the strength and potential of a country in which communism reigned. Many Soviet plans were transformed into reality, but even more of them remained on paper.
The Palace of Soviets, with a planned height of 420 meters (40 meters taller than the Empire State Building) and topped by a huge statue of Vladimir Lenin, was the biggest of these stillborn projects scheduled to be implemented in Soviet Moscow in the 1930s and 1940s.
Ghosts of the USSR: 7 awesome projects in Moscow that remained on paper - Sputnik International
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Leaders of the young Soviet republic in the first half of the 20th century frequently got carried away by mind-boggling projects designed to demonstrate to capitalist countries the strength and potential of a country in which communism reigned. Many Soviet plans were transformed into reality, but even more of them remained on paper.
The Palace of Soviets, with a planned height of 420 meters (40 meters taller than the Empire State Building) and topped by a huge statue of Vladimir Lenin, was the biggest of these stillborn projects scheduled to be implemented in Soviet Moscow in the 1930s and 1940s.
© RIA Novosti . Ruslan Krivobok / Go to the photo bankThe project was never constructed, and in 1959 it was decided to use its substructure as a foundation for the Moskva open-air swimming pool. Today the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, a reconstruction of the church that was demolished to make way for the Palace of Soviets, once again occupies the site.
Ghosts of the USSR: 7 awesome projects in Moscow that remained on paper - Sputnik International
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The project was never constructed, and in 1959 it was decided to use its substructure as a foundation for the Moskva open-air swimming pool. Today the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, a reconstruction of the church that was demolished to make way for the Palace of Soviets, once again occupies the site.
© Photo : www.SovArch.ruIn 1947, the USSR Council of Ministers made the decision to build eight skyscrapers in Moscow. Seven were actually built, while the eighth, located in the Zaryadye area, was abandoned at an early stage. Its podium was used in the construction of the Rossiya hotel.
Ghosts of the USSR: 7 awesome projects in Moscow that remained on paper - Sputnik International
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In 1947, the USSR Council of Ministers made the decision to build eight skyscrapers in Moscow. Seven were actually built, while the eighth, located in the Zaryadye area, was abandoned at an early stage. Its podium was used in the construction of the Rossiya hotel.
© Photo : www.SovArch.ruThe Rossiya hotel was demolished in 2006. Today the site is vacant; the Moscow authorities plan to lay out a modern park there with cutting-edge infrastructure.
Ghosts of the USSR: 7 awesome projects in Moscow that remained on paper - Sputnik International
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The Rossiya hotel was demolished in 2006. Today the site is vacant; the Moscow authorities plan to lay out a modern park there with cutting-edge infrastructure.
© Photo : www.SovArch.ruIn the 1930s, a tender was held for the design of a complex of buildings for the USSR People’s Commissariat of Heavy Industry. Had the project been implemented, Red Square would have become much wider, since demolition of the Upper Shopping Arcade, which stood on the present location of the GUM department store, was planned.
Ghosts of the USSR: 7 awesome projects in Moscow that remained on paper - Sputnik International
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In the 1930s, a tender was held for the design of a complex of buildings for the USSR People’s Commissariat of Heavy Industry. Had the project been implemented, Red Square would have become much wider, since demolition of the Upper Shopping Arcade, which stood on the present location of the GUM department store, was planned.
© RIA Novosti . Vladimir Astapkovich / Go to the photo bankWith the Commissariat project discarded, the Upper Shopping Arcade was reconstructed and transformed into what we know today as GUM.
Ghosts of the USSR: 7 awesome projects in Moscow that remained on paper - Sputnik International
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With the Commissariat project discarded, the Upper Shopping Arcade was reconstructed and transformed into what we know today as GUM.
© Photo : www.SovArch.ruIn 1930, a House of Books hosting many publishing houses and a large bookstore was due to be built on Orlikov Street.
Ghosts of the USSR: 7 awesome projects in Moscow that remained on paper - Sputnik International
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In 1930, a House of Books hosting many publishing houses and a large bookstore was due to be built on Orlikov Street.
© RIA Novosti . SidorovaThe first stage was built along the street by 1933, but the second stage was never undertaken. The design was revised because Soviet architecture had begun leaning toward the classical school. Photo: The part of the House of Books project that was built.
Ghosts of the USSR: 7 awesome projects in Moscow that remained on paper - Sputnik International
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The first stage was built along the street by 1933, but the second stage was never undertaken. The design was revised because Soviet architecture had begun leaning toward the classical school. Photo: The part of the House of Books project that was built.
© Photo : www.SovArch.ruIn the 1920s, the painter, architect and art theorist El Lissitzky suggested building so-called horizontal skyscrapers on Trubnaya Square along the Boulevard Ring. Photo collage: “Horizontal skyscrapers” on Trubnaya Square.
Ghosts of the USSR: 7 awesome projects in Moscow that remained on paper - Sputnik International
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In the 1920s, the painter, architect and art theorist El Lissitzky suggested building so-called horizontal skyscrapers on Trubnaya Square along the Boulevard Ring. Photo collage: “Horizontal skyscrapers” on Trubnaya Square.
© RIA Novosti . SidorovaToday, a modern business center overlooks Trubnaya Square instead of the “horizontal skyscrapers.”
Ghosts of the USSR: 7 awesome projects in Moscow that remained on paper - Sputnik International
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Today, a modern business center overlooks Trubnaya Square instead of the “horizontal skyscrapers.”
© Photo : www.SovArch.ruIn 1927, a new home for the headquarters of Izvestia newspaper was erected on Pushkinskaya Square. All the architects involved proposed various high-rise solutions.
Ghosts of the USSR: 7 awesome projects in Moscow that remained on paper - Sputnik International
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In 1927, a new home for the headquarters of Izvestia newspaper was erected on Pushkinskaya Square. All the architects involved proposed various high-rise solutions.
© RIA Novosti . SidorovaBut eventually the design that we can see today on Pushkinskaya Square was chosen and built.
Ghosts of the USSR: 7 awesome projects in Moscow that remained on paper - Sputnik International
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But eventually the design that we can see today on Pushkinskaya Square was chosen and built.
© Photo : www.SovArch.ruIn 1934, the USSR Council of People’s Commissars ordered the transfer of the Academy of Sciences from Leningrad to Moscow. A site near Krymsky Bridge was chosen for the Presidium of the Academy of Sciences.
Ghosts of the USSR: 7 awesome projects in Moscow that remained on paper - Sputnik International
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In 1934, the USSR Council of People’s Commissars ordered the transfer of the Academy of Sciences from Leningrad to Moscow. A site near Krymsky Bridge was chosen for the Presidium of the Academy of Sciences.
© RIA Novosti . Sergei Piatakov / Go to the photo bankIn 1941, construction work was stopped by the war. By the late 1960s, it was decided that the site would host a park of arts and a new exhibition complex – the Central House of Artists – and a new branch of the Tretyakov Gallery.
Ghosts of the USSR: 7 awesome projects in Moscow that remained on paper - Sputnik International
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In 1941, construction work was stopped by the war. By the late 1960s, it was decided that the site would host a park of arts and a new exhibition complex – the Central House of Artists – and a new branch of the Tretyakov Gallery.
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