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Andrei Sakharov - deputy and dissident

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May 21 will be the 90th anniversary of the birth of Soviet physicist Andrei Sakharov. One of the fathers of the Soviet H-bomb and a Nobel Peace Prize winner, Sakharov was also a politician and dissident. He died at the age of 68 in 1989, having spent seven years in internal exile.

May 21 will be the 90th anniversary of the birth of Soviet physicist Andrei Sakharov. One of the fathers of the Soviet H-bomb and a Nobel Peace Prize winner, Sakharov was also a politician and dissident. He died at the age of 68 in 1989, having spent seven years in internal exile.

© RIA Novosti . Vladimir Fedorenko / Go to the photo bankMay 21 will be the 90th anniversary of the birth of Soviet physicist Andrei Sakharov, one of the fathers of the Soviet H-bomb, Nobel Peace Prize winner, politician and dissident.
Andrei Sakharov - deputy and dissident - Sputnik International
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May 21 will be the 90th anniversary of the birth of Soviet physicist Andrei Sakharov, one of the fathers of the Soviet H-bomb, Nobel Peace Prize winner, politician and dissident.
© RIA Novosti . Vladimir Vyatkin / Go to the photo bankSakharov died of a heart attack on December 14, 1989. He gave his last speech in the Kremlin the day before at a meeting of the Inter-Regional Deputy Group during the Second Congress of People’s Deputies.
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Sakharov died of a heart attack on December 14, 1989. He gave his last speech in the Kremlin the day before at a meeting of the Inter-Regional Deputy Group during the Second Congress of People’s Deputies.
© RIA Novosti / Go to the photo bankThe future Nobel laureate’s education began at home before entering school in the seventh grade. He graduated from secondary school with honors in 1938 and enrolled in the Department of Physics at Moscow State University, from which he would also graduate with honors. In 1948, Sakharov was hired to work for the thermonuclear weapons R&D group led by Igor Tamm, where he remained until 1968. Photo: Sakharov with his son Dima in 1963.
Andrei Sakharov - deputy and dissident - Sputnik International
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The future Nobel laureate’s education began at home before entering school in the seventh grade. He graduated from secondary school with honors in 1938 and enrolled in the Department of Physics at Moscow State University, from which he would also graduate with honors. In 1948, Sakharov was hired to work for the thermonuclear weapons R&D group led by Igor Tamm, where he remained until 1968. Photo: Sakharov with his son Dima in 1963.
© RIA Novosti / Go to the photo bankBeginning in the late 1950s, Sakharov began to publicly advocate banning nuclear weapons testing. In the 1960s, he became one of the leaders of the human rights movement in the USSR. Photo: Sakharov at his Zhukovka summer house outside Moscow in 1972.
Andrei Sakharov - deputy and dissident - Sputnik International
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Beginning in the late 1950s, Sakharov began to publicly advocate banning nuclear weapons testing. In the 1960s, he became one of the leaders of the human rights movement in the USSR. Photo: Sakharov at his Zhukovka summer house outside Moscow in 1972.
© RIA Novosti . Boris Kaufman / Go to the photo bankIn 1970, Sakharov began to focus his efforts on defending human rights and the victims of political repression. He was one of the founders of the Moscow Human Rights Committee. Sakharov advocated for the abolition of capital punishment, the right to emigrate and against environmental pollution and forcible treatment of dissidents in psychiatric hospitals.
Andrei Sakharov - deputy and dissident - Sputnik International
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In 1970, Sakharov began to focus his efforts on defending human rights and the victims of political repression. He was one of the founders of the Moscow Human Rights Committee. Sakharov advocated for the abolition of capital punishment, the right to emigrate and against environmental pollution and forcible treatment of dissidents in psychiatric hospitals.
© RIA Novosti . Boris Kaufman / Go to the photo bankIn 1975, Sakharov wrote the book “On Country and the World.” He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in the same year. Soviet newspapers began printing open letters signed by scientists and prominent cultural figures, denouncing Sakharov’s political activities.
Andrei Sakharov - deputy and dissident - Sputnik International
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In 1975, Sakharov wrote the book “On Country and the World.” He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in the same year. Soviet newspapers began printing open letters signed by scientists and prominent cultural figures, denouncing Sakharov’s political activities.
© RIA Novosti . Alexey Boytsov / Go to the photo bankIn December 1979 and January 1980, statements made by Sakharov against the deployment of Soviet troops in Afghanistan made the front pages of Western newspapers. Photo: Sakharov at a rally of researchers from Moscow-based institutes in 1989.
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In December 1979 and January 1980, statements made by Sakharov against the deployment of Soviet troops in Afghanistan made the front pages of Western newspapers. Photo: Sakharov at a rally of researchers from Moscow-based institutes in 1989.
© RIA Novosti . Vladimir Fedorenko / Go to the photo bankIn 1980, Sakharov was arrested on his way to work. He was sent into internal exile in the city of Gorky together with his wife, Yelena Bonner, without investigation or trial. He was sent to Gorky in part because it was closed to foreigners at the time.
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In 1980, Sakharov was arrested on his way to work. He was sent into internal exile in the city of Gorky together with his wife, Yelena Bonner, without investigation or trial. He was sent to Gorky in part because it was closed to foreigners at the time.
© RIA Novosti . Boris Kaufman / Go to the photo bankSakharov was stripped of his rank of Hero of Socialist Labor (three awards) and his Stalin and Lenin prizes. During his exile in Gorky, he was kept in almost complete isolation under round-the-clock police surveillance. Photo: Sakharov at home in 1989.
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Sakharov was stripped of his rank of Hero of Socialist Labor (three awards) and his Stalin and Lenin prizes. During his exile in Gorky, he was kept in almost complete isolation under round-the-clock police surveillance. Photo: Sakharov at home in 1989.
© RIA Novosti . Igo Zarembo / Go to the photo bankDuring his exile in Gorky, Sakharov was kept in almost complete isolation under round-the-clock police surveillance.
Andrei Sakharov - deputy and dissident - Sputnik International
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During his exile in Gorky, Sakharov was kept in almost complete isolation under round-the-clock police surveillance.
© RIA Novosti . Yuri Abramochkin / Go to the photo bankIn Gorky, Sakharov staged three of his longest hunger strikes. In 1981, he and his wife Yelena Bonner went on a hunger strike for 17 days to protest illegal actions taken by the authorities against his relatives; in May 1984, he went on strike for 26 days to protest criminal proceedings against his wife; Sakharov went on hunger strike for 178 days from April through October 1985 in an attempt to secure permission for his wife to travel abroad for heart surgery. He was taken to a hospital and subjected to force-feeding. In December 1986, Mikhail Gorbachev ordered that Sakharov be released from exile in Gorky.
Andrei Sakharov - deputy and dissident - Sputnik International
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In Gorky, Sakharov staged three of his longest hunger strikes. In 1981, he and his wife Yelena Bonner went on a hunger strike for 17 days to protest illegal actions taken by the authorities against his relatives; in May 1984, he went on strike for 26 days to protest criminal proceedings against his wife; Sakharov went on hunger strike for 178 days from April through October 1985 in an attempt to secure permission for his wife to travel abroad for heart surgery. He was taken to a hospital and subjected to force-feeding. In December 1986, Mikhail Gorbachev ordered that Sakharov be released from exile in Gorky.
© RIA Novosti . Boris Kaufman / Go to the photo bankIn November and December 1988, Sakharov travelled abroad for the first time. During his trip he met with Ronald Reagan, George Bush, Margaret Thatcher and Francois Mitterrand.
Andrei Sakharov - deputy and dissident - Sputnik International
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In November and December 1988, Sakharov travelled abroad for the first time. During his trip he met with Ronald Reagan, George Bush, Margaret Thatcher and Francois Mitterrand.
© RIA Novosti . Sergei Guneev / Go to the photo bankIn March 1989, Sakharov was elected People’s Deputy of the USSR from the Academy of Sciences. His speeches at meetings were often interrupted by antagonistic applause, yelling and whistling.
Andrei Sakharov - deputy and dissident - Sputnik International
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In March 1989, Sakharov was elected People’s Deputy of the USSR from the Academy of Sciences. His speeches at meetings were often interrupted by antagonistic applause, yelling and whistling.
© RIA Novosti . Dmitri Donskoy / Go to the photo bankNow streets and squares in many cities of the world bear Sakharov’s name, and monuments are being erected in his honor. Many documentaries and articles have hailed him as a prophet.
Andrei Sakharov - deputy and dissident - Sputnik International
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Now streets and squares in many cities of the world bear Sakharov’s name, and monuments are being erected in his honor. Many documentaries and articles have hailed him as a prophet.
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