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The planet’s deepest and purest lake - Baikal

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The Irkutsk Region, in East Siberia, marks its local holiday, Baikal Day, on September 12. On December 5, 1966 Baikal was declared a World Heritage site at the UNESCO’s committee session in the Mexican city of Merida.

The Irkutsk Region, in East Siberia, marks its local holiday, Baikal Day, on September 12. On December 5, 1966 Baikal was declared a World Heritage site at the UNESCO’s committee session in the Mexican city of Merida.

© RIA Novosti . Yuri Kaver / Go to the photo bankThe Irkutsk Region, in East Siberia, marks its local holiday, Baikal Day, on September 12.
The planet’s deepest and purest lake - Baikal - Sputnik International
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The Irkutsk Region, in East Siberia, marks its local holiday, Baikal Day, on September 12.
© RIA Novosti . Yuri Kaver / Go to the photo bankBaikal is the deepest lake in the world. Its average depth is around 730 meters. The maximum depth of Baikal is 1,637 meters.
The planet’s deepest and purest lake - Baikal - Sputnik International
2/17
Baikal is the deepest lake in the world. Its average depth is around 730 meters. The maximum depth of Baikal is 1,637 meters.
© RIA Novosti . Freydberg / Go to the photo bankThe surface area of Lake Baikal is 31,500 square kilometers, which is equal to the area of such countries as Belgium, Netherlands or Denmark. Baikal ranks eighth among the world's largest lakes by its surface area.
The planet’s deepest and purest lake - Baikal - Sputnik International
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The surface area of Lake Baikal is 31,500 square kilometers, which is equal to the area of such countries as Belgium, Netherlands or Denmark. Baikal ranks eighth among the world's largest lakes by its surface area.
© RIA Novosti . Petr Malinovskiy / Go to the photo bankBaikal is known to contain 1/5 of the world’s supply of surface water (excluding the ice of Antarctica, Greenland and etc.) and over 4/5 of Russia’s fresh water. Photo: the Baikal water gets cleaned naturally when microalgae flourish.
The planet’s deepest and purest lake - Baikal - Sputnik International
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Baikal is known to contain 1/5 of the world’s supply of surface water (excluding the ice of Antarctica, Greenland and etc.) and over 4/5 of Russia’s fresh water. Photo: the Baikal water gets cleaned naturally when microalgae flourish.
© RIA Novosti . Petr Malinovskiy / Go to the photo bankEvery year the lake produces 60 cubic kilometers of clean and biologically active water. This water falls into the World Ocean through the Angara River. Photo: a bear on one of the lakes running into Baikal.
The planet’s deepest and purest lake - Baikal - Sputnik International
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Every year the lake produces 60 cubic kilometers of clean and biologically active water. This water falls into the World Ocean through the Angara River. Photo: a bear on one of the lakes running into Baikal.
© RIA Novosti . Yuri Kaver / Go to the photo bankThe relief of the Baikal can be seen up to 500 meters in depth from the space. The Baikal is also the world’s clearest lake which can be compared only to the Sargasso Sea. The Secchi disk (indicator of water transparency) is seen in various places in Baikal at the depth of 40-45 meters.
The planet’s deepest and purest lake - Baikal - Sputnik International
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The relief of the Baikal can be seen up to 500 meters in depth from the space. The Baikal is also the world’s clearest lake which can be compared only to the Sargasso Sea. The Secchi disk (indicator of water transparency) is seen in various places in Baikal at the depth of 40-45 meters.
© RIA Novosti . Petr Malinovskiy / Go to the photo bankThe secret of the Baikal phenomenon of clean water is a tiny crustacean species. It filters the lake and enriches the water with oxygen.
The planet’s deepest and purest lake - Baikal - Sputnik International
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The secret of the Baikal phenomenon of clean water is a tiny crustacean species. It filters the lake and enriches the water with oxygen.
© RIA Novosti . Boris Babanov / Go to the photo bankOn December 5, 1966 Baikal was declared a World Heritage site at the UNESCO’s committee session in the Mexican city of Merida.
The planet’s deepest and purest lake - Baikal - Sputnik International
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On December 5, 1966 Baikal was declared a World Heritage site at the UNESCO’s committee session in the Mexican city of Merida.
© RIA Novosti . I. Ozerskiy / Go to the photo bankThe unique ecosystem of Baikal houses over 2,630 species of flora and fauna. Most of them are endemics (unique to a particular geographic location). Photo: the pines with bare roots, the so-called stilted trees, on the shore.
The planet’s deepest and purest lake - Baikal - Sputnik International
9/17
The unique ecosystem of Baikal houses over 2,630 species of flora and fauna. Most of them are endemics (unique to a particular geographic location). Photo: the pines with bare roots, the so-called stilted trees, on the shore.
© RIA Novosti . Petr Malinovskiy / Go to the photo bankThe Baikal seal is the only mammal that lives in the lake. Adult seal species reach 1.8 meters in height and weigh 130 kilograms. They live up to 55-56 years.
The planet’s deepest and purest lake - Baikal - Sputnik International
10/17
The Baikal seal is the only mammal that lives in the lake. Adult seal species reach 1.8 meters in height and weigh 130 kilograms. They live up to 55-56 years.
© RIA Novosti . Oleg Makarov / Go to the photo bankBaikal is home to 236 bird species.
The planet’s deepest and purest lake - Baikal - Sputnik International
11/17
Baikal is home to 236 bird species.
© RIA Novosti . Roman Denisov / Go to the photo bankThe lake contains 58 species of fish. The most famous of them are omul, cisco, grayling, taimen, sturgeon, Baikal oilfish and lenok. Photo: Baikal oilfish.
The planet’s deepest and purest lake - Baikal - Sputnik International
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The lake contains 58 species of fish. The most famous of them are omul, cisco, grayling, taimen, sturgeon, Baikal oilfish and lenok. Photo: Baikal oilfish.
© RIA Novosti . Yuri Strelets / Go to the photo bankThe Russian and international environmental organizations were concerned in the past decades over the ecological state of the planet’s largest freshwater lake. The Baikal Pulp and Paper Mill, launched in 1966, was considered as the main danger to the lake. In September 2008 the plant was switched over to a closed water cycle under the demand of the Russian Nature Resources Ministry.
The planet’s deepest and purest lake - Baikal - Sputnik International
13/17
The Russian and international environmental organizations were concerned in the past decades over the ecological state of the planet’s largest freshwater lake. The Baikal Pulp and Paper Mill, launched in 1966, was considered as the main danger to the lake. In September 2008 the plant was switched over to a closed water cycle under the demand of the Russian Nature Resources Ministry.
© RIA Novosti . Mark Redkin / Go to the photo bankScientists said the switch of the plant positively affected the Baikal ecosystem. Photo: head of the Lena River. The western shore of the Baikal.
The planet’s deepest and purest lake - Baikal - Sputnik International
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Scientists said the switch of the plant positively affected the Baikal ecosystem. Photo: head of the Lena River. The western shore of the Baikal.
© RIA Novosti . I. Ozerskiy / Go to the photo bankHowever, in January 2010 the Russian government excluded the production of paper pulp, paper and cardboard from the list of activities banned at Baikal. This allowed the plant to continue its work. In early July 2010 the Baikal Pulp and Paper Mill resumed its work after 1.5 years of dead time. Photo: taiga on the Baikal shore.
The planet’s deepest and purest lake - Baikal - Sputnik International
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However, in January 2010 the Russian government excluded the production of paper pulp, paper and cardboard from the list of activities banned at Baikal. This allowed the plant to continue its work. In early July 2010 the Baikal Pulp and Paper Mill resumed its work after 1.5 years of dead time. Photo: taiga on the Baikal shore.
© RIA Novosti . Freydberg / Go to the photo bankOn September 8, 2010 the plans to launch a federal program, Protection of Lake Baikal and Social and Economic Development of the Natural Territory, were announced at the 6th Baikal economic forum. The program is up to 2020 and 59 billion rubles ($1.9 bln) is expected to be allocated to it, with over 49 billion rubles from the federal budget.
The planet’s deepest and purest lake - Baikal - Sputnik International
16/17
On September 8, 2010 the plans to launch a federal program, Protection of Lake Baikal and Social and Economic Development of the Natural Territory, were announced at the 6th Baikal economic forum. The program is up to 2020 and 59 billion rubles ($1.9 bln) is expected to be allocated to it, with over 49 billion rubles from the federal budget.
© RIA Novosti . Yuri Kaver / Go to the photo bankThe program aims to resolve various ecological problems. It is most important to destroy the waste. To this goal, rubbish recycling plants and polygons are to be constructed. Photo: bizarre rocks on the Olkhon Island created by the water, wind and sun.
The planet’s deepest and purest lake - Baikal - Sputnik International
17/17
The program aims to resolve various ecological problems. It is most important to destroy the waste. To this goal, rubbish recycling plants and polygons are to be constructed. Photo: bizarre rocks on the Olkhon Island created by the water, wind and sun.
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