The previous record of 8.9 degree Celsius (48 degree Fahrenheit) was registered in October 1967.
On the last day of October, the weather was unusually warm across many Russian regions, setting numerous records, including in the Moscow Region where temperatures reached 13.2 degree Celsius (55.8 degree Fahrenheit) and Russia's second largest city of St. Petersburg, where similar temperatures were recorded.
The usual average temperature for October in Moscow is 4.3 degree Celsius (39.7 degree Fahrenheit). The coldest-ever October in Moscow was registered in 1976, with average temperature of -0.8 degree Celsius (30.6 degree Fahrenheit).
Numerous temperature records have been broken in Moscow in recent years. January 2008 was the mildest since records began 130 years ago. 2007 was the warmest year in one and a half centuries for Russia.