The US Treasury Department has slapped sanctions on eight senior Belarusian officials, including Interior Minister Yuri Karayev, two of his deputies, deputy commander of the Interior Ministry's Internal Troops Khazalbek Atabekov, Minsk's OMON riot police commander Dmitry Balaba, and others.
The sanctions also include personal restrictions against Central Election Commission chief Alena Dmukhayla.
The new restrictions come in the wake of the European Union's announcement earlier Friday that it had imposed asset freezes and travel bans on about 40 Belarusian officials. The new restrictions don't include President Alexander Lukashenko, although French President Emmanuel Macron warned that the Belarusian leader could be added to the list if he fails to establish a "dialogue" with the Belarusian people.
EU foreign affairs chief Josep Borrell added that the EU could "impose more restrictive measures" against Belarus "if the situation does not improve" and freedom and the right to free and fair elections is not respected.
Minsk responded to Brussels' personal sanctions by issuing its own list of EU officials who would be barred from entering Belarus, but said it would not make the list public. In a statement, the Belarusian Foreign Ministry noted that Belarus would have to reconsider the viability of its diplomatic relations with the EU amid the new restrictions.
Belarus also imposed sanctions on British and Canadian officials in a tit-for-tat response to sanctions imposed earlier by London and Ottawa, which targeted officials including Lukashenko.
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov suggested the EU's sanctions were "a manifestation of weakness," and reiterated Moscow's "very, very negative" view of sanctions in general.
Also Friday, Berlin announced that Merkel would meet with Belarusian opposition leader Svetlana Tikhanovskaya on Tuesday. Macron met with her in Vilnius earlier this week.
Late last month, in a speech to the United Nations General Assembly, Belarusian Foreign Minister Vladimir Makei accused some Western nations of attempting to destabilise the situation in Belarus in the wake of August's presidential elections, and alleged that "after unsuccessful attempts to impose colour revolutions on us, we are now experiencing external interference aiming to undermine the very construction of our state."
Makei stressed that any attempts by foreign states to interfere in Belarus's internal affairs, including sanctions and other restrictions, would "have the opposite effect" and be "harmful for absolutely everyone."
The US and its European allies have sanctioned Belarus since the late 1990s, accusing Minsk of a slew of crimes ranging from human rights violations to electoral fraud. The sanctions were partly lifted in the mid-2010s amid improving relations between Belarus and the West. President Lukashenko has repeatedly said that he is not afraid of any sanctions, because neither he nor members of his family or members of the government have any substantive wealth stashed away abroad. In 2006, Lukashenko urged the West to "take" any accounts of his that they managed to find, and added that "many foreigners, Americans and others - are infuriated by the fact that Lukashenko has nothing by which he can be grasped."
Belarus has been rocked by weeks of protests in the aftermath of the 9 August presidential election in which Lukashenko handily won a sixth consecutive term in office. The Belarusian opposition accused the government of large-scale fraud and demanded a "peaceful handover of power", and opposition leader Tikhanovskaya fled the country to the EU. Lukashenko responded to the protests by promising constitutional reforms, but refused to hold any new elections immediately, and stressed that he would not be forced out of office by a minority in the streets.