According to VG newspaper, the report suggested that Russia and China might conduct complex offensive operations on the Internet, stressing that the two countries were allegedly continuing to develop their intelligence capacities. The report, in particular, asserted that Russia was increasingly working with so-called fake news as a means of exerting pressure on Oslo.
The report's authors specified that they expected the pressure on Norway to continue in 2019.
Moreover, the report renewed allegations of Russia impeding the work of the Norwegian Global Positioning System (GPS).
Between late October and early November, NATO’s Trident Juncture military drills, held in several northern European countries, including Norway and Finland, were overshadowed by several incidents in which pilots reported losing GPS signals.
On November 13, the Norwegian Defense Ministry issued a statement blaming Russia for the disruption of GPS navigation signals. Finland also alleged that Russia could be responsible for jamming the signal. Moscow has denied the allegations, and Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov has noted the existing trend of accusing Russia of "various deadly sins," saying that such accusations were, as a rule, unfounded.