Speaking to the Ukrainian TV channel "Pryamoi" on 14 December, John Herbst, who served as US Ambassador to Ukraine from 2003 to 2006, explained the main goal of Washington's anti-Russia sanctions:
“We want their [Russian] economy to be weaker because a strong economy supports strong military power. And we do not want a strong aggressive state to have a strong army or a strong navy. Therefore, sanctions certainly serve our interests”, the retired diplomat said.
At the same time, he referred to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) data to add that Russia's GDP "loses more than one percent per year" due to the sanctions.
US State Department Special Representative for Ukraine Kurt Volker earlier said that European countries and Washington should consider introducing additional sanctions against Russia after the incident with the Ukrainian warships in the Black Sea.
In late November, Ukraine's Berdyansk and Nikopol gunboats and the Yany Kapu tugboat illegally crossed the Russian maritime border as they sailed toward the Kerch Strait, the entrance to the Sea of Azov. The Ukrainian vessels were seized by Russia after failing to respond to legal demands to leave the area.
Moscow described the incident as a clear provocation in violation of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and promised to suppress any attempts to challenge its territorial integrity and sovereignty.
In the aftermath of the incident, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko called on NATO to deploy its warships to the Sea of Azov, with the military alliance responding that it would "continue to assess its presence in the Black Sea region".
"Several allies conduct NATO air policing in the region, and allies also conduct regular reconnaissance flights over the Black Sea", NATO spokeswoman Oana Lungescu said at the time.
The remarks came shortly after Kremlin spokesman, Dmitry Peskov, stated that Moscow considers Poroshenko's request that NATO deploy its ships to the Sea of Azov to be an aspect of his strategy of provoking Russia in order to gain support in the run up to next year's Ukrainian elections.