"The International Organization for Migration’s (IOM) Missing Migrants Project documented the deaths of 7,763 people during migration to international destinations in 2016. This figure represents a worldwide increase of 27 per cent from the 6,107 migrant deaths recorded in 2015 and a 47 per cent increase over the 5,267 deaths recorded in 2014," the report said.
The report noted an 83-percent increase in migrant deaths in Africa compared to 2015 and a 43-percent increase in the Americas.
The IOM also drew attention to the Mediterranean migrant route, which is where 5,098 of the recorded migrant deaths occurred in 2016, and pointed out that the data in this region was possibly not indicative of the full scale of the situation.
"Although search-and-rescue operations conducted by governments and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) closely monitor boats of migrants trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea, the large proportion of people lost at sea mean that data on migrant deaths represent a minimum estimate rather than a precise figure. In 2016, for example, just under two thirds (66%) of the migrants who died in the Mediterranean were recorded as 'missing and presumed dead,' which means that their bodies have not been recovered," the report said.
The report also noted that the agreement between the European Union and Turkey, with the latter pledging to take back undocumented migrants, was effective in that the number of arrivals in Greece had been declining since March 2016, when the deal was reached. Greece arrivals, however, saw two brief spikes in September and November 2016.
According to the report, the peak of arrivals occurred in late summer and fall of 2016 and coincided with the stark increase in migrant deaths.
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