19:24 GMT +315 December 2019
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    India's Agni II missile is seen in a rehearsal for the Republic Day Parade in New Delhi, India.

    Quid Pro Quo: Will US Broker a Nuclear Deal Between India and China?

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    India, the United States and China likely to agree on a quid pro quo arrangement on membership in the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) for India, Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) for China and the Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA) for the US.

    With none of the 34 member countries objecting, India's entry into the MTCR has become imminent. For all intents and purposes, this development will enable India to purchase top-of-the-line missile systems and also make India a significant arms exporter for the first time. 

    ​There is more to this triumph than meets the eye. India now has its eyes firmly set on NSG membership to which China continues to be a major roadblock.

    According to experts, India's entry into the MTCR does not by itself heighten India's prospects for NSG membership but it surely does give India a prop to bargain with China. China should be aware that any hostile move could ruin its prospects for the MTCR where India can veto China's entry once it becomes a member. 

    An insider to India's elite group of strategists told Sputnik that on the sidelines of the G-20 summit slated for September this year, the US could mediate between India and China for a quid pro quo arrangement wherein India could agree to not to oppose China's entry into the MTCR in exchange of support for NSG membership. India is in a strong position to exert pressure on the US to broker such an agreement as the long pending India-US Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA) is yet to be officially signed upon. The two sides have so far only agreed upon the text of LEMOA.

    ​Rajiv Nayan says, "Even if China is not part of MTCR, it will continue to manufacture and export weapons. But, joining the MTCR will be of greater advantage for China as it will have a role in policy making. Policies which are reference points for rules of technology and export."

    In February this year, the China Daily quoted Shi Wen, Chief drone designer at the China Academy of Aerospace Aerodynamics, who said that China has so far exported military drones to more than 10 countries. Now, China is aiming higher because it estimates that by 2020, the global market of military drones could reach $10 billion. 

    Meanwhile, Prime Minister Narendra Modi is being praised at home for his foreign policy skills. 

    ​Rajiv Nayan of the Institute of Defense Studies and Analysis says, "Despite tall claims by US, it never supports India in developing nuclear and ballistic weapons. It continues to ban transfer of ballistic technology to India. Nonetheless, India has developed on its own almost all MTCR listed weapons. We have all the capabilities, while we remain committed to non-proliferation. Finally, the world has accepted this." 


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