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    2009 Review: January

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    RIAN News Service looks back at the main events of the outgoing year; below starts a month-by-month review of 2009, beginning with January

    RIAN News Service looks back at the main events of the outgoing year; below starts a month-by-month review of 2009, beginning with January:

    January 1

    * Russia cuts off natural gas supplies to Ukraine, but increases shipments to other European states

    January 7

    * Russian energy giant Gazprom halts gas supplies to Ukraine for transit to Europe

    January 9

    * Russian and British shareholders of Russian-British joint venture TNK-BP sign a deal to complete the process of settling their conflict started in September 2008

    January 10

    * Russia and the European Union sign a protocol to set up an international commission to control the transit of Russian natural gas through Ukraine

    January 13

    * Russian energy giant Gazprom gives the go-ahead to resume gas supplies to Europe via Ukraine

    January 15
     
    * Russian investigators close their probe into the 1918 murder of the last tsar and his family, and the identification of their remains discovered in the Urals in 1991 and 2007

    * North Korean leader Kim Jong-il taps his third son to be his successor and sends his nomination to the leadership of the ruling party

    January 19

    * Stanislav Markelov, a lawyer for the family of a Chechen woman murdered in 2000 by Russian army colonel Yury Budanov, and Novaya Gazeta reporter Anastasia Baburova are shot dead in downtown Moscow

    * Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signs a decree banning exports of military and dual purpose products to Georgia

    * Russian energy giant Gazprom and Ukrainian energy company Naftogaz signs a contract on Russian gas supplies to Ukraine for 2009-2019

    January 20

    * Barack Obama is sworn in as the 44th president of the U.S. in Washington, becoming the country's first African-American head of state

    January 21

    * Israel completes its troop pullout from Gaza more than three weeks after the start of its assault on the coastal enclave

    January 27

    * Metropolitan Kirill is elected head of the Russian Orthodox Church, becoming the 16th Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia

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