28 September 2013, 11:09

UNSC Syria resolution rules out use of force, application of Chapter 7 – Lavrov

Сергей Лавров Совет безопасности ООН Совбез ООН

The UN Security Council resolution on scrapping the Syrian war chemicals completely and finally rules out any use of force or any application of Chapter 7, the Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said in an interview with the Russian TV Channel One.

This is borne out by the fact that the resolution points out in conclusion that if any party to the Syrian conflict should hinder the UN team’s work or should use chemical weapons in Syria, this will be immediately reported to the UN Security Council.

If it’s proved that someone has done a wrong thing, the UN Security Council will react in accordance with Chapter 7 of the UN Charter, Lavrov said.

Lavrov urges Syrian neighbors to bar opposition from obtaining chemical weapons

UN member countries, especially Syria's neighbors, should not allow using their territories for the provision of Syrian opposition groups with chemical armaments or their components, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said.

"The resolution stresses chemical weapons must not fall into the hands of non-governmental entities, which the opposition is.

It also emphasizes that all UN member states, primarily Syria's neighbors, must take comprehensive measures to prevent the use of their territories for the provision of the opposition with chemical weapons and their components," Lavrov told Channel One on Saturday. The UN Security Council has passed a resolution concerning the disposal of Syrian chemical weapons and the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons has approved the scrapping plan.

UN resolution on Syria consistent with Russia-US Geneva accords - Lavrov

The UN Security Council resolution on the subject of Syrian chemical weapons is consistent with the earlier agreements between Russia and the United States, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said after the vote on the resolution.

"The resolution, which has just been passed, is fully consistent with the Russian-US Geneva agreements. This is the result of coordinated efforts of Russia and the United States backed by all members of the UN Security Council and the majority of other states," he said.

The resolution does not fall under Chapter 7 of the United Nations Charter, Lavrov emphasized.

"The resolution does not fall under Chapter 7 of the United Nations Charter and does not authorize the automatic use of measures of compulsion. It reaffirms the agreement reached at the Russian-US meeting in Geneva to make a breach of its provisions and the use of chemical weapons by any side a subject of thorough investigation at the UN Security Council, which will be prepared to act under Chapter 7 of the Charter. Naturally, [it will act] proportionately to the severity of violations, which must be proven to be 100% true," he said.

The minister accentuated the leading role of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) in the implementation of the resolution.

"We firmly believe that OPCW and UN experts on Syria mission will be professional and unbiased and fully respect the sovereignty of that country. Everything must be done to put Syrian chemical arsenals under control in line with the OPCW Executive Council's decision in an efficient way and within a period sufficient for observing all the safety norms," he said.

The Syrian opposition shares the responsibility for the compliance with the resolution, while the opposition sponsors shall bear the responsibility for the possible acquisition of chemical weapons by terrorists, the minister said.

"The Syrian government is not the only side responsible for the fulfillment of this resolution. The Security Council demands that the Syrian opposition also must cooperate with international experts. Therefore, the reports to be submitted to the Security Council during the implementation of the OPCW decision and the newly adopted resolution must be objective and present the situation applicably to all sides of the Syrian conflict," he said.

"Those who support and sponsor the opposition bear the special responsibility. They must prevent extremists from coming into possession of chemical weapons," Lavrov stressed.

He said he hoped the Syrian government would be conscientiously cooperating with the United Nations in the scrapping of its chemical weapons.

"Syria has begun to fulfill its commitments with the submission of a detailed declaration of the status of its chemical arsenal to the OPCW. We expect Damascus to continue its conscientious and constructive interaction with the international inspectors," the minister said.

Lavrov also called on the Syrian opposition to take part in the international conference for Syria.

"Hopefully, the increasingly disconnected units of the Syrian opposition will finally announce their readiness to participate in the international conference without preconditions, like the Syrian government did a long time ago," he concluded.

Russia ready to participate in upcoming operation in Syria - Lavrov

Russia had expressed its readiness to take part in all the components of the forthcoming operation in Syria, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said after the vote on the UN Security Council resolution on chemical weapons in Syria.

"Russia is ready to participate in the forthcoming operation in Syria in all its components", - the head of the Russian Foreign Ministry said.

Earlier, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said that Russia would take part in destruction or transportation of the Syrian chemical weapons, if it was determined by the international control.

September 14, in Geneva, the head of the Russian Foreign Ministry and US Secretary of State John Kerry agreed on the procedure of removing chemical weapons from Syria or its destruction by mid-2014.

In turn, President of Syria Bashar al-Assad confirmed the consent to place the arsenal of such ammunition available in his country under international control without any additional conditions.

On the night of Saturday, the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons approved the plan of destruction of chemical weapons in Syria.

Military action against Syria can only make matters worse

Applying the principle of outside military intervention to the Syrian situation is ‘devoid of sense and also very dangerous’, Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said, speaking to the 68th General Assembly of the United Nations.

"Unfortunately, many argue that although banned by the UN Charter, the use of force and threats to use force are potent methods to solve conflicts between states."

"At the same time, past experience shows that outside military intervention is senseless, useless and only makes matters worse. Forceful intervention is fraught with eroding the world order and destroying the safeguards against the proliferation of dangerous weapon systems."

Syrian crisis no excuse for poor progress on Palestinian issue

"The Syrian crisis cannot be allowed to obscure the importance of the Palestinian problem. We hope Israeli and Palestinian leaders will show responsibility for the future of their peoples and use the opportunities afforded by the direct Israeli-Palestinian talks that have resumed after a long break."

Efforts by the US alone are not enough.

"The mediating quartet that brings the US together with Russia, the European Union and the United Nations must also intensify its efforts as the main internationally-recognized peace mechanism for the Middle East acting in accordance with resolutions of the UN, the Madrid Principles and the Arab Peace Initiative."

Each instance of chemical warfare in Syria must be investigated by the UN on the basis of facts

Speculation is inadmissible. Only facts must be taken into consideration. "The use of chemical weapons cannot be tolerated. At the same time, no one side has the right to apportion blame or mete out punishment for this."

Modern world is multipolar and must be governed by international law

"The world needs leadership. This leadership, however, can only be collective, based on coordination between world bodies and powers and built on the principles of international law, which cannot be violated."

"It’s very worrying to hear pronouncements that the need of leadership justifies the use of military force to protect big power interests in the Middle East. Recent history shows that no one power, no matter how big, can cope alone with the challeges faced by the family of nations."

Voice of Russia, TASS, RIA, Interfax

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