Death toll in Cairo clashes rises to 42
"The death toll is 42 dead and 322 wounded," said Ahmed al-Ansari, the deputy head of emergency services.
The Muslim Brotherhood, which has led pro-Morsi demonstrations, said 35 of its supporters were killed when police and troops fired at them while they were praying at dawn.
Witnesses, including Brotherhood supporters at the scene, said the army fired only tear gas and warning shots and that "thugs" in civilian clothes had carried out the deadly shooting.
Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood called for an "uprising" on Monday after 35 of its supporters were killed demonstrating against last week's military coup outside an elite Cairo army base.
The Brotherhood called on the international community to intervene to prevent the army's toppling of Egypt's first freely elected president Mohamed Morsi propelling the country into Syria-style civil war.
"Morsi supporters were praying while the police and army fired live rounds and tear gas at them. This led to around 35 dead and the figure is likely to rise," the Brotherhood said.
Its political arm, the Freedom and Justice Party, called for "an uprising by the great people of Egypt against those trying to steal their revolution with tanks".
It urged "the international community and international groups and all the free people of the world to intervene to stop further massacres ... and prevent a new Syria in the Arab world".
Earlier, the Egyptian armed forces said "armed terrorists" had tried to storm the headquarters of the elite Republican Guard, where the Brotherhood had been protesting, leaving one security officer dead and six critically wounded.
Egypt's armed forces said Monday that "armed terrorists" had tried to storm the headquarters of the elite Republican Guard, leaving one security officer dead, in a statement quoted by the website of state-owned daily Al-Ahram.
"At dawn, an armed terrorist group tried to storm the Republican Guard (building)..., attacking army troops and police, which led to the death of one officer and left several conscripts injured, including six in critical condition," the statement said.
The Muslim Brotherhood, which had been protesting outside the Republican Guard HQ said 16 Islamist protesters had been shot dead.
About 200 people were arrested Monday for trying to break into the Republican Guards Club in Cairo while carrying guns, petrol bombs and other weapons, the army said.
However, supporters of ousted president Mohammed Morsi said army and police forces tried to disperse their sit-in at the club using lethal force, Muslim Brotherhood spokesman Gehad El-Haddad wrote on his Twitter account.
Egypt's Salafist Al-Nur party said that it had withdrawn from talks on the formation of a new government in response to the killing of protesters calling for ousted president Mohamed Morsi to be reinstated.
"We have decided to withdraw immediately from all negotiations in response to the massacre outside the Republican Guard" headquarters, Al-Nur spokesman Nadder Bakkar said on Twitter.
The ultra-conservative Islamist Al-Nur, which won almost a quarter of votes in a 2011 parliamentary election, had given its support to the army's overthrow last week of Morsi, of the larger Muslim Brotherhood.
But it already voiced reservations about the transition plans of the military's chosen caretaker president, top judge Adly Mansour.
His plans to tap Nobel Peace laureate Mohamed ElBaradei, an outspoken liberal opponent of the Brotherhood, as interim premier ran into strong opposition from Al-Nur.
Mansour aides said before the fatal shootings that he was poised to announce his choice of premier following protracted negotiations with the Salafists and other groups.
A spokesman for Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood said 34 of its supporters were killed on Monday when they were fired upon at a sit-in outside the military facility where toppled President Mohamed Morsi is being held.
Murad Ali of the Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice Party said that shooting broke out in the early morning while Islamists staged a sit-in outside the Republican Guard barracks.
Muslim Brotherhood spokesman Gehad El-Haddad says hundreds of critically wounded are being taken to hospitals.
Locals on the ground say no warning shots fired before the security forces attacked. Ambulances are at the scene.
At least 16 people were killed, including an army officer, in clashes Monday between Islamist protesters and military personnel outside a club for the army's Republican Guard in Cairo, medical sources said.
Egypt's Social Democratic leader Ziad Bahaa el-Din is to become the new prime minister, while the leader of the liberal opposition, IAEA ex-head Mohammed el-Baradei, will be vice president.
This information was circulated by the Sky News Arabia TV channel with reference to a source in the President's Administration.
Earlier el-Baradei declined the post of prime minister and nominated Ziad Bahaa el-Din instead, RIA Novosti reports.
In the past Ziad Bahaa el-Din, who has a lawyer's and an economist's degrees, headed the Financial Control Division. He is one of the leaders of the Egyptian Social-Democratic Party and is well-known as a fighter against corruption in government agencies.
Opponents and supporters of ousted Egyptian president Mohammed Morsi Sunday held huge rallies in several parts of the country amid fears about new violence between the two sides.
Thousands of Morsi supporters gathered at sites in eastern and southern Cairo, demanding the reinstatement of former Islamist president who was ousted by the army after massive street protests against his rule earlier in the week.
Islamists gathered outside the headquarters of the elite Republican Guard in eastern Cairo, where they believe Morsi is being kept in the army's custody.
Waving Morsi's portraits and the Egyptian flag, they chanted slogans against the engineer of Morsi's toppling, Defence Minister Abdel-Fatah.
Leaders of the Muslim Brotherhood, of which Morsi is a member, have vowed open-ended street protests until he is restored to power, calling his removal a "coup against legitimacy."
Several anti-Morsi marches Sunday converged on Tahrir Square in central Cairo, renewing support for Morsi's overthrow.
"The people have already toppled the regime," chanted the demonstrators.
"The Egyptian army is ours, but Morsi is not," they added, as army helicopters flew overhead.
Hundreds of anti-Morsi demonstrators gathered outside the presidential palace in the eastern Cairo quarter of Heliopolis, renewing backing for his toppling.
The rallies were held in response to a call from the grassroots Tamarod movement - which spearheaded the campaign for Morsi to be unseated - in support of what it called "popular legitimacy."
Tamarod has accused the Brotherhood of planning to "drag the nation into infighting" by insisting on Morsi's reinstatement.
Checkpoints manned by self-styled guards were set up on the entrances to the iconic square to keep assailants at bay.
Rival rallies were also held in Alexandria, Egypt's second biggest city, the Nile Delta province of Beheira and the southern city of Aswan, according to local media.
Clashes on Friday pitting Morsi's supporters against opponents and security forces left 36 dead and more than 1,000 injured, according to health officials.
Three soldiers were injured Sunday when gunmen fired on them in al-Arish, the main city of northern Sinai, said witnesses.
The attack was the latest in a series of assaults targeting army and security personnel in the Sinai Peninsula since Morsi's overthrow.
Suspected radicals had earlier on Sunday blown up in Sinai a pipeline that exports gas to Jordan, a security source said.
The fire from the blast was seen 50 kilometres away, the source said.
Muslim militants have been blamed for attacks on Sinai gas pipelines after the 2011 uprising that forced president Hosny Mubarak from power. Until Sunday, no attacks had been reported since July last year.
Egyptian authorities Sunday took further judicial moves against Brotherhood leaders and allies, with arrest warrants being issued for two more senior leaders of the conservative Islamist group.
State-run newspaper al-Ahram reported online that Brotherhood leaders Essam al-Erian and Mohammed al-Beltagy were to be investigated for incitement to murder over the deaths of protesters as the Brotherhood headquarters in a Cairo suburb came under attack last week.
Prosecutors also ordered 15 days pre-trial detention for firebrand Islamist preacher Hazem Salah Abu Ismail, held since Friday on charges of inciting killing opposition protesters.
Morsi, who won election last year by a narrow margin, is accused by the opposition of putting a priority on tightening the Muslim Brotherhood's hold on power and failing to address the country's problems.
His four-year term was to end in 2016.
Voice of Russia, dpa, Reuters, AFP, RT