Sea of Galilee: the mystery of stone pyramid
The massive pyramid is cone shaped, is 10 meters high and is about 70 meters in diameter. Scientists say it is definitely human-made. Consisting of basalt cobbles and boulders, the structure rises 10 meters high, which is unlikely to happen under natural circumstances. Michael Eisenberg of the University of Haifa, comments.
"Such shapes never form underwater. They probably originated in the ‘iron age’, or even before, when megalithic structures were common. Unhewn basalt boulders were arranged in a certain order to serve various purposes, including religious rituals. Scientists are currently looking for ceramic pieces to establish the exact age of the structure. The pyramid is not far from one of Israel’s largest burial sites in Beth Yerah – the site of a fortified ancient settlement located at the southern tip of the Sea of Galilee".
Throughout the third millennium BC Beth Yerah remained a major settlement of the region. According to scientists, stones that were used for building the structure came from a nearby area. The purpose of the structure is a puzzle. In the opinion of Michael Eisenberg, it should not be regarded as an analogue of the Egyptian pyramids or Ziggurats in ancient Mesopotamia.
"The structure could have been used for religious purposes. In those days, necropolises and religious structures looked the same. It could have been a place of worship, like Stonehenge in the UK. A similar structure was discovered during excavation work in Turkey recently".
Some researchers say the structure came before the lake. This point of view causes a lot of controversy. Leonid Belyaev of the Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, comments.
"The lake was already there 3,000-4,000 years ago. Its boundaries could have been different back then, but this is up to the scientists to know how the lake’s shores could have changed over time. I think high or low tides at Lake Gennesaret are unlikely. If so, the structure is far older and could be natural".
Subsea structures evoke a lot of scientific interest. The search for the lost island Atlantis has intrigued scientists for 2000 years. As for the recent discovery in the Sea of Galilee, it is shrouded in mystery and is waiting to be explored in greater detail.
Voice of Russia